Simulation of chiller water storage / Hafiz Zaim Hussin

Hussin, Hafiz Zaim (2010) Simulation of chiller water storage / Hafiz Zaim Hussin. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Chilled water storage systems are used in commercial buildings to shift the timing of cooling energy purchase from on-peak periods. Typically, this is done by chilling water during the night, storing it in a tank, and drawing from it during the day to provide space cooling. This reduces building electrical demand without sacrificing occupant comfort and can contribute to improved utility load factors. In stratified tank, thermal separation between warmer and cooler water is maintained by the action of buoyancy forces. A sharply defined transition layer, or thermocline, forms between the warm and cool bodies of water. Water enters and leaves the tank through diffusers at the top and bottom designed to reduced mixing and promote good stratification. Four main mechanism contribute to the degradation of stored cooling capacity in a stratified tank: heat gain from the tank surroundings, vertical conduction in the tank wall, thermal diffusion from the warmer water to cooler water, and mixing caused by diffuser inlet jet. This CFD project have helped student or engineer understand thermal profile during charging and discharging of chiller water storage tanks.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Hussin, Hafiz Zaim
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ow, Chee Sheng (Datuk Prof. Ir. Dr.)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machinery exclusive of prime movers
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanics applied to machinery. Dynamics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machine design and drawing
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) (Mechanical)
Keywords: Chiller, Water, Storage
Date: 2010
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