Fabrication of nanocomposited Sn-doped ZnO/TiO₂ based dye-sensitized solar cells / Saurdi Ishak

Ishak, Saurdi (2018) Fabrication of nanocomposited Sn-doped ZnO/TiO₂ based dye-sensitized solar cells / Saurdi Ishak. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) that belong to the third generation of solar cells are attractive due to cheap and ease of solar cell fabrication. Therefore, much research has been conducted to create an efficient solar cell. The following research illustrates for the first time development of aligned ZnO nanorod on Sn-doped ZnO films by using sonicated sol-gel immersion methods for dye-sensitized solar cells and the fabricated DSSCs show the improvement of photovoltaic properties and than from a novel photoanode of nano-composited aligned ZnO nanorod/TiO2:Nb a significant improvement on photovoltaic properties was obtained. The Sn-doped ZnO films were used as a seed layer for nanorod growth, where the Sn-doped ZnO films at 2 at.% shows the best of electrical and optical properties. As a result, the aligned ZnO nanorod with relatively high aspect ratio was grown on ITO-coated glass at 2 at.% Sn-doped ZnO films using sonicated sol-gel immersion methods. The resulting of ZnO nanorod length and diameter were around 1.8μm and 120nm, respectively. Since the absorption of dye is dependent to aspect ratio or surface area ZnO nanorod and therefore the fabricated DSSCs shows improvement of energy conversion efficiency 0.599% as compared to the fabricated DSSCs using aligned ZnO nanorod on undoped ZnO film, ZnO nanorod on 1 at.% Sn-doped ZnO film and ZnO nanorod on 3 at.% Sn-doped ZnO film were 0.107%, 0.250%, and 0.206%, respectively. Besides that, the surface area of aligned ZnO nanorod was increased by varying the solution concentration parameter. It was found that by using 0.03M Zinc acetate solution the aspect ratio of ZnO nanorod was higher as compared to 0.05M. Therefore, the fabricated DSSCs using 0.03M ZnO nanorod shows the improvement of efficiency to 0.989 %. The aligned ZnO nanorod with better aspect ratio and larger surface area was efficiently for dye absorption and light harvesting that contributed to the improvement of DSSCs. Meanwhile, the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles on top of ZnO nanorods might increase the internal surface area of photoanode that absorbed more dye molecules and resulting of increasing the photocurrent density 8.579 mA/cm2 as well as energy conversion efficiency of 2.543%. Furthermore, the improvement of DSSCs for nano-composited aligned ZnO nanorod/ TiO2:Nb was closely related to the improvement of electrical properties of TiO2 nanoparticle from Nb-doped TiO2 at 5 at.%. The Nb-doped TiO2 at 5 at.% shows higher of electrical properties that contributes better of electron transport properties. A novel photoanode of nanocomposited aligned ZnO nanorod/TiO2 with Nb-doped TiO2 at 5.% shows the significant improvement of photocurrent density and energy conversion efficiency of 18.156 mA/cm2 and 5.376%, respectively. The enhancement of energy conversion efficiency of the nano-composited aligned ZnO Nanorod/TiO2:Nb-5 at.% DSSCs can be due to the enhanced electron-injection efficiency caused by the positive shift in Vfb which help increase Jsc and reduce the charge recombination


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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Ishak, Saurdi
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Nanostructured materials
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords: Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), Solar, Cell, Fabrication
Date: 2018
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/26888
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