Predicting the welding parameters and deposition geometry of gas metal arc welding process for T-fillet / Mohamad Yazman Yaakub

Yaakub, Mohamad Yazman (2014) Predicting the welding parameters and deposition geometry of gas metal arc welding process for T-fillet / Mohamad Yazman Yaakub. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


A wide range of welding parameters and deposition geometry sizes of Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) process are predicted. Recent studies focus on optimizing a weld bead size by using mathematical models and using costly welding software. A lot of studies were focused on downhand welding position, some in horizontal position and few in vertical and overhead positions. They were also studies in butt joint design and few in T-fillet joint design. The scope of this research focused on the predicting welding parameters and welding deposition geometry on a T-fillet joint with GMAW process utilizing articulated robot. 1.2mm diameter of ER70S-6 filler wire is used to produce fillet weld on 6mm thickness of low carbon steel base metal and shielded by 100% carbon dioxide gas. The T-fillet joint design is welded in 2F, 3F and 4F welding positions. A calculator is developed by Microsoft Excel software and the output will be a system that can predict the welding deposition geometry for the respective welding parameters. The results are validated by complying with American Welding Society (AWS Dl.l) Codes and Standard and by using Mean Absolute Deviation (MAD). 5 sets of welding currents i.e. lOOamp, 138amp,175amp,2l3amp and 250amp with respective arc voltages of ISvolts, 21 volts, 24volts, 27volts and BOvolts; and with welding speeds of 2.5mm/second, 5mm/second, 7mm/second, lOmm/second, 12mm/second respectively are preset and 125 coupons are prepared for each position. Only quality weld beads are selected for macro etching tests and their actual geometrical data (results) are tabulated. All welding parameters and deposition geometry data are graphically plotted in 2D. Two calculators are produced based on actual and predicted data that are produced by those graphs. The welding parameters and deposition geometry results seemed accurately predicted within 1mm of Mean Absolute Deviation. The correlation graphs show that the higher the welding currents and voltages, the bigger the fillet weld size but it was otherwise for weld speeds. As a conclusion, the prediction calculators seemed successful to facilitate welding engineer in determining suitable welding parameters to be applied to produce the required fillet weld bead sizes. These calculators seemed could be utilized in industrial application.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Yaakub, Mohamad Yazman
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Tham Hock Khan, Abdul Ghalib
Thesis advisor
Mahmud, Azhar (Assoc. Prof.)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Metals > Welded joints
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Metal manufactures. Metalworking > Welding
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (EM780)
Keywords: Gas Metal Arc Welding, Mean Absolute Deviation, American Welding Society
Date: July 2014
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