Modified modelling of sorption isotherms of cassava starch - kaffir lime oil film / Aqila Zulaikha Nazreen Elangko

Nazreen Elangko, Aqila Zulaikha (2022) Modified modelling of sorption isotherms of cassava starch - kaffir lime oil film / Aqila Zulaikha Nazreen Elangko. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Bioplastic or edible film is a thin layer made of polymeric material that can be consumed and degrade readily. Cassava starch is a promising material to be developed as films as they have good film forming and gas barrier properties. Bioplastic film is seen as an alternative for packaging of food. As a good food packaging, the film should be able to retain moisture when exposed to a wide range of relative humidity. Moisture sorption isotherm (MSI) studies the relationship between moisture content and water activity (aw) of food or film at a given temperature. In this study, the MSI properties of cassava starch incorporated with kaffir lime oil (KEO) were determined in order to study the effect of KEO to the MSI properties of the film. KEO was added as an antimicrobial agent. The MSI properties of film made from cassava starch incorporated with KEO were studied at 30 and 40°C. The thickness of the films was kept constant and measured using a micrometre. The sorption data was used to determine the net isosteric heat of sorption (qst) which gives an approximation of the minimum energy required to remove water from solid. Results showed that qst decreases exponentially with increase in moisture content with and without incorporation of KEO. The incorporation of KEO does not affect the barrier of the film whereby the moisture content and qst of the control and KEO films were relatively similar.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Nazreen Elangko, Aqila Zulaikha
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Jai, Junaidah
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Heat > Thermodynamics
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Food processing and manufacture > Special foods
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > College of Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Chemical Engineering)
Keywords: Bioplastic, isotherms, kaffir lime oil film
Date: 2022
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