PDE-based denoising tool for digital radiographic image of welding defect / Tuan Nurul Norazura Tuan Sulong … [et al.]

Tuan Sulong, Tuan Nurul Norazura and Abd Halim, Suhaila and Ibrahim, Arsmah and HP Manurung, Yupiter (2014) PDE-based denoising tool for digital radiographic image of welding defect / Tuan Nurul Norazura Tuan Sulong … [et al.]. In: IIDEX 2014: invention, innovation & design exposition. Research Innovation Business Unit, Shah Alam, Selangor, p. 93. (Submitted)

Official URL: http://www.iidex.com.my


The quality of digital radiographic image plays an important role for accurate evaluation analysis. Mostly, raw images are degraded by noise during its acquisition. Hence, for a proper analysis and diagnosis, it is required to reduce the image noise to clear its disturbance that might affect the evaluation results. The process is called image denoising. Image denoising is the first process in image processing and it is remained as an open problem because each technique has its own limitation such as blurring effect on the whole image and quality reduction, image edges get blurred, unwanted blocking effect and loss of signal information. The application of digital radiographic image in welding industry requires certified inspector with several years of experiences and knowledge to identify the existence of welding defect accurately. In the current situation, radiography inspector is a certified person who is able to identify and trace the existence of defect on radiographic image based on codes and specifications manually. The manual inspection is time consuming, may produce inconsistent, biased and inaccurate results. Inaccurate results may affect the quality and reliability of the welding component that is being evaluated. Image processing has played an important role in detecting weld defects on welded parts accurately with the advancement of computer technology. It is aimed to increase the inspection speed, accuracy and reduce subjectivity of manual inspection results which depends much on the quality of the image due to the low quality of image. In the recent years, the mathematical community has come up with a new branch in image processing namely Partial Differential Equation (PDE)-based image processing. Many authors have proposed several mathematical models to solve the problem related to the problem of image denoising. In this project, PDE-based denoising tool is designed to reduce image noise on digital radiographic image of welding defect and hence improve the quality of image for better visualization. The tool deals with image denoising methods using second-order and fourth-order PDEs based and evaluated the performance of the models with the conventional filters. The PDE-based model is applied as image denoising so that the process could be able to reduce the noise without blurring effect which could change the defects edge locations. Due to the problem of the conventional image filtering methods which reduced the image noise while smoothing and blurring the object boundaries, the PDE-based has the ability in the data smoothing and preserving the important features in the data. The application of PDE-based method normally produced promising results and outperformed in the quantitative measurement and visual evaluation. The tool is aimed to assist radiography inspector in producing accurate evaluation results although on the low quality of image. The tool is also compiled using graphical user interface (GUI) windows standalone application that can be executed independently. The tool has potential to be commercialized in the area of manufacturing industry and fabrication company that involved the welding defect inspection. The potential areas are automotive industry, oil and gas industry, aerospace industry, non-destructive technique (NDT) consultant and universities as for training and research development purposes.


Item Type: Book Section
Email / ID Num.
Tuan Sulong, Tuan Nurul Norazura
Abd Halim, Suhaila
Ibrahim, Arsmah
HP Manurung, Yupiter
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > Industrial engineering. Management engineering > Work measurement. Methods engineering
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Metal manufactures. Metalworking
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Metal manufactures. Metalworking > Welding
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Research Management Centre (RMC)
Event Title: IIDEX 2014: invention, innovation & design exposition
Event Dates: 27 - 30 April 2014
Page Range: p. 93
Keywords: Digital radiographic image, image denoising, welding industry
Date: 2014
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/70810
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