Kinetic and isotherm studies of copper(II) adsorption on potassium hydroxide treated kenaf (hibiscus cannabinus L.) fiber / Nur Syafiqah Amir Hanafiah

Amir Hanafiah, Nur Syafiqah (2014) Kinetic and isotherm studies of copper(II) adsorption on potassium hydroxide treated kenaf (hibiscus cannabinus L.) fiber / Nur Syafiqah Amir Hanafiah. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Kenaf fiber which is a by-product of agricultural is easily available and relatively low cost has been investigated as an adsorbent used to remove copper(II) from aqueous solution. The adsorption of copper(II) by potassium-hydroxide-treated Hibiscus cannabinus L. powder (KHCLP) was investigated under batch mode. The effects of parameters such as pH, adsorbent dosage, initial copper(II) concentration and contact time were studied. Copper(II) adsorption was considered fast because the time needed to reach equilibrium was only 60 min. The adsorption kinetic data followed pseudo-second-order and the adsorption isotherm fitted Langmuir model well. According to the Langmuir model, the calculated value of maximum adsorption capacity (qmax) of copper(II) was 32.26 mg g-1. The characteristic of KHCLP before and after adsorption of copper(II) were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectrometer in order to understand the mechanism of adsorption. This study showed that KHCLP can be used as a good adsorbent for copper(II) removal from aqueous solution.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Amir Hanafiah, Nur Syafiqah
syafiqah_0507@yahoo.com
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Adsorption
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Engineered wood. Fiberboard, particle board, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (HONS.) Chemistry
Keywords: Kenaf fiber, Adsorption, Agricultural
Date: 2014
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/56047
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