The effect of problem-based learning on students’ generic competencies / Noor Liza Adnan & Wan Karomiah Wan Abdullah

Adnan, Noor Liza and Wan Abdullah, Wan Karomiah (2010) The effect of problem-based learning on students’ generic competencies / Noor Liza Adnan & Wan Karomiah Wan Abdullah. [Research Reports] (Submitted)

Abstract

Many parties have discussed the issue of unemployed graduates and many have pointed their fingers to the higher institutions for failing to equip the students with necessary generic competencies or soft skills required by the potential employers. Many have also blamed the pedagogy used that encourages passive learning rather than active learning. As such this paper attempts to discover how students generally perceived and evaluated a pedagogy known as Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and how they generally view the effect of PBL on their five aspects of generic competencies namely self-confidence, teamwork ability, communication skill, selfdirected learning, and the ability to think critically. Potential problems that they might face learning under PBL approach were also looked into. The respondents which consisted of forty-eight graduating accounting students from UiTM Terengganu were surveyed. The findings revealed that most students perceived PBL positively and they moderately agreed that PBL was an effective approach of learning. Even though PBL initially created tension among students but it was only temporary. Using the Wilcoxon rank test, PBL has left a significant positive effect on four competencies which are self-confidence, teamwork ability, communication skill and self-directed learning. Only the ability to think critically was not found to be significantly affected by PBL. However, Spearman’s rank correlation indicated that students highly associated PBL to the need to think critically. Mann-Whitney Test conducted showed both male and female students did not show a significant difference in all fives aspects of competencies. However, students in different groups of CGPAs revealed varied effects of PBL on their five different aspects of generic competencies, where weaker students (with CGPA of up to 2.99) obviously gave higher ratings compared to those with higher CGPA. At the end of the paper, limitation of the study was outlined and future researches were recommended.

Metadata

Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Adnan, Noor Liza
UNSPECIFIED
Wan Abdullah, Wan Karomiah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Teaching (Principles and practice) > Technology. Educational technology > Instructional systems
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Teaching (Principles and practice)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Teaching (Principles and practice) > Problem-based learning
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Teaching (Principles and practice) > Problem-based learning > Malaysia
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Educational technology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Educational psychology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Education and training of teachers and administrators > Assessment. Portfolios
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education > Academic degrees
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education > Methods of study
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Accountancy
Keywords: Problem Based Learning ; Generic Competencies/Soft Skills ; Self-Confidence ; Selfdirected Learning ; Teamwork Ability ; Communication Skill ; Ability To Think Critically
Date: June 2010
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/50218
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