Exposure to welding fumes towards bronchoconstriction among workers at steel manufacturing factory / Natasha Aziz

Aziz, Natasha (2017) Exposure to welding fumes towards bronchoconstriction among workers at steel manufacturing factory / Natasha Aziz. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


As Malaysia develops, welding is the most vital work process in industrial and construction sector. Welding is used in joining material which is metals. When metal compound is burned will emit fumes. Uncontrollable of exposure to welding fumes leads to higher chances of occupational diseases. The size of welding fumes is less than 1 µm that be able to accumulate in the lung. Excessive exposure to welding fumes, reduce lung function performance of workers. The objective of this study is a cross-sectional study was done to assess the relationship of welding fumes exposure and bronchoconstriction among steel manufacturing workers. The methodology of this study is welding fumes was measured by air sampling pump and been analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS). Meanwhile, bronchoconstriction was measured by Koko Legend Spirometry. Adapted questionnaire by Arrowhead worker compensation and the interview was done to gather preliminary data. The result is there were four parameters tested which are cadmium, copper, lead and nickel. All four parameter was below permissible exposure limit in Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemical Hazardous to Health Regulation (USECHH) 2000 in Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994. Meanwhile bronchoconstriction, majority have normal lung function performance however, there were two welders who are having obstructive lung function. Thus, the welding fumes were not strong enough to predict and cause bronchoconstriction. These results may cause from ventilation and good spaces between welders at workplace. However, consistent monitoring is required to monitor health surveillance of the welders and ensure the quality and effectiveness of ventilation of welding fumes. This is due to ventilation is one of the most effective control measures that can be adopted in the workplace.


Item Type: Student Project
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Aziz, Natasha
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Abd Rahman, Nasaruddin
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Specialties of internal medicine
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Metal manufactures. Metalworking > Welding
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: welding fumes, bronchoconstriction, lung function, monitoring, health
Date: August 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/49409
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