The performance and thermal conductivity assessment of kenaf corequarry dust brick (KCQB) / Abdul Hadi Hassan

Hassan, Abdul Hadi (2021) The performance and thermal conductivity assessment of kenaf corequarry dust brick (KCQB) / Abdul Hadi Hassan. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Rapid development has increased the demand for sand as the main source of sand brick and other construction purposes. High demand and environmental issues contribute to the shortage of the resource and the cost of the material keeps increasing. To overcome this matter, there is a need to search for replacement materials as alternative resources for fine aggregate. In Malaysia, one of the renewable resources from biomass that can be easily converted to an aggregate material is the woody part of kenaf. It is commonly known as kenaf core and available in abundance after the processing of kenaf stem for bast fiber production. Besides, quarry dust is also an underutilized by-product produced during the crushing of aggregates at quarries, which is dumped into landfills and might contribute to serious environmental pollution if it is not well managed. The combination of kenaf core and quarry dust is observed to have great potential as aggregate replacement materials for sand. However, the study on the combination of quarry dust and kenaf core as aggregate replacement materials in brick production is still limited, especially on thermal conductivity. This research focuses on the thermal conductivity, compressive strength, density, and porosity of kenaf core-quarry dust brick (KCQB). Nine types of samples for bricks, plates, and brick walls were prepared by varying the kenaf core content, which are denoted as M1 for 100% sand brick (S), M2 for 100% quarry dust brick (QD), M3 for kenaf 100% core brick (KC), M4 for 75% quarry dust (75QD), M5 for 5% kenaf core (5KC), M6 for 10% kenaf core (10KC), M7 for 15% kenaf core (15KC), M8 for 20% kenaf core (20KC), and M9 for 25% kenaf core (25KC). M1, M2, M3, and M4 were used as the control samples, while M5, M6, M7, M8 and M9 were the variable samples containing kenaf core from 5% to 25%. Quarry dust was fixed at 75% for every variable mix and the balance of 25% sand was replaced by kenaf core at 5% interval until the portion of sand is 0%. The ratio of cement and material was fixed at 1:6 for all types of mix proportions. Meanwhile, the water-cement ratio was kept constant at 0.6. Based on all the properties studied, the addition of kenaf core affected the compressive strength, density, porosity, and thermal conductivity. The compressive strength and density decreased as the kenaf core increased. However, the inclusion of kenaf core resulted in higher porosity. Meanwhile, the addition of kenaf core from 5% to 25% as sand replacement improved the thermal conductivity values from 0.63 W/m·K to 0.42 W/m·K.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Hassan, Abdul Hadi
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ahmad, Zakiah (Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Engineering mathematics. Engineering analysis
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Civil Engineering)-EC750
Keywords: Thermal conductivity, Kenaf corequarry dust brick, Rapid development
Date: February 2021
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 46558.pdf] Text

Download (153kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details