1XN symmetrical and asymmetrical optical planar waveguides couplers / Nor Syafiqah Mohamed Kassim

Mohamed Kassim, Nor Syafiqah (2012) 1XN symmetrical and asymmetrical optical planar waveguides couplers / Nor Syafiqah Mohamed Kassim. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


1xN symmetrical and asymmetrical couplers based-on highly multimode planar waveguide have been designed, simulated, fabricated and characterized. Highly multimode waveguide has wide potential application in home-network applications, automotive wiring such as entertainment devices in car and sensors application. In this research work, 1x2 and 1x4 symmetrical waveguide coupler were utilized symmetry Y-junction design to obtain symmetric splitting ratio. Meanwhile, 1x2 asymmetrical waveguide coupler were developed using different technique to obtain asymmetrical ratios. The transmission characteristics were simulated using non-sequential ray-tracing technique. The devices have cross-section area of 1mm x 1mm were fabricated on transparent acrylic substrates. Two different waveguides have been used as a core that is highly transparent adhesive polymer and hollow metal-based waveguide. The hollow waveguide structure was coated with GO—nm-thick reflective layer to enhance reflectivity in the waveguide channel. The design of 1x2 tap-off Y-junction waveguide coupler utilized changing the width of the branching waveguides to obtain asymmetric branching ratios. The simulation result gives excess loss from 0.223 dB 11: 0.528 dB with various tap-width of 0.05 mm m 0.95 mm with 0.05 mm interval. The output coupling ratios have been designed in the range of 1% to 99%. A novel design of asymmetric hollow shift-port Y-junction waveguide coupler was proposed. This Y-junction simply utilizes the technique of shifting the axis of the m of the output port so that the required power-splitting ratio can be obtained. The waveguide splits the output power asymmetrically in the range of 93% to 7% with ±3% splitting-ratio accuracy. The measured insertion loss at the shift-port has a minimum value of 4.00 to a maximum of 15.62 dB for 0.00 to 0.90 mm shifting of the axis respectively. While the measured optical excess loss at the shift-port varies from 2.06 to 4.32 dB. Another new asymmetrical waveguide coupler design which is hollow shift-axis has been presented. The structure with a series of patterns having shifted axis (Δx) from 0.1 mm to 0.9 mm have been designed. The center axis of the taper waveguide and the branching output mm were adjusted in a straight line to obtain an asymmetrical branching ratio. By shifting Δx from 0.1 to 0.9 mm, the branching ratio can be obtained in the range from 1% to 99% by experiment. The measured insertion loss at the shift—axis has a minimum value of 5.21 dB to a maximum of 27.36 dB for 0.1 to 0.9 mm shifting of the axis respectively. While the measured optical excess loss at the shift-axis varies from 5.18 to 10.58 dB.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Mohamed Kassim, Nor Syafiqah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abd. Rahman, Mohd Kamil (Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Descriptive and experimental mechanics
Q Science > QC Physics > Electricity and magnetism
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science (Research)
Keywords: Symmetrical, Asymmetrical, Waveguides couplers
Date: October 2012
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39888
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