Investigating The Shear Behaviour of Hard Points on Honeycomb Sandwich Panels / Nazarrudin Abdullah Ramdzam and Jamaluddin Mahmud

Abdullah Ramdzam, Nazarrudin and Mahmud, Jamaluddin (2017) Investigating The Shear Behaviour of Hard Points on Honeycomb Sandwich Panels / Nazarrudin Abdullah Ramdzam and Jamaluddin Mahmud. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 4 (4). pp. 197-210. ISSN 18235514


Honeycomb sandwich panels which act as the main structure of UiTM solar car, namely Stingray, are exposed to the localize load due to the weight of the handling system components attached to it. Therefore, hard points were introduced to strengthen the structure. Nevertheless, studies pertaining to the shear behaviour of hard points have not been well established. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the shear behaviour of hard points on honeycomb sandwich panels due to variations of potting agent volume. The samples, which are panels with hard points were fabricated with variations of potting agent volume (1ml, 2ml and 3ml). Apart from that, panels with hard points made of commercial metal insert (NAS1834) were also fabricated for benchmarking purposes. Shear tests were conducted on the samples to observe the failure mode, where the procedure was based on a published work. Stress-strain diagrams were plotted to determine the Modulus of Rigidity, Gave,1ml, Gave,2ml, Gave,3ml and Gave,NAS1834 and shear strength (the maximum load which the panel could withstand). As an alternative solution, finite element analysis was performed for the same specification. Initially, the panels with hard points were modelled using SOLIDWORKS and then assembled in CATIA. A commercial finite element analysis software, HyperWorks, was used to simulate the deformation behaviour of the panels under shear, according to the conducted tests set up. The experiments results are found to produce similar curves trend to other researchers. The simulated results for shear properties were compared with all the samples from physical tests. In general, the results show that the shear strength of the panels could be increased by increasing the volume of the potting agent. The panels with hard points with 3ml of potting agent volume have the highest shear strength as compared to the other three variations. It can be concluded that the research related to the application of the hard points on the solar car is important and found to be very useful for improving the next UiTM Eco-Photon solar car.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Abdullah Ramdzam, Nazarrudin
Mahmud, Jamaluddin
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Structural engineering
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 4
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 197-210
Keywords: Hard point, NAS1834, shear test, honeycomb sandwich panel, potting agent.
Date: 2017
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