Synthesization and Microstructural Analysis of Arenga Pinnata Fibres and Silicone Rubber for New Silicone Biocomposite Material / Siti Humairah Kamarul Bahrain ...[et al.]

Kamarul Bahrain, Siti Humairah and Mahmud, Jamaluddin and A. Rasid, Zainudin and Madete, June (2017) Synthesization and Microstructural Analysis of Arenga Pinnata Fibres and Silicone Rubber for New Silicone Biocomposite Material / Siti Humairah Kamarul Bahrain ...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 4 (4). pp. 15-30. ISSN 18235514

Abstract

In promoting ‘green’ environment, natural fibres are widely used to replace man-made fibres such as glass fibres and carbon fibres which are not environmentally friendly especially when decomposed. This study for the first time aims to introduce new biocomposite material using Arenga pinnata fibre as filler while silicone rubber as its matrix. This study seeks the best form of fibre to attain good compatibility and fibre dispersion between matrix and filler. This soft composite possesses the hyperelastic material behaviour as silicone rubber has the ability to elongate at very large deformations. To synthesize the biocomposite, the fibres were crushed using a few methods and mixed with silicone mixture. The biocomposites were then cut and these cross-sections were observed under optical microscope and evaluated using SEM. It can be observed that a finer form of filler exhibits good filler-matrix adhesion compared to coarse fillers as voids can be formed during the curing process of the composite. An additional tensile test was conducted to assess its mechanical properties and it was found that the average ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of 8wt% Arenga pinnata – silicone biocomposite were 0.75 MPa and 0.067 MPa respectively. Without Arenga pinnata (pure silicone), the average ultimate tensile strength and modulus of elasticity were 0.85 MPa and 0.051MPa respectively. The addition of Arenga pinnata has thus improved silicone’s stiffness. In conclusion, this result proves that the proposed synthesization method has been successful.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Kamarul Bahrain, Siti Humairah
UNSPECIFIED
Mahmud, Jamaluddin
UNSPECIFIED
A. Rasid, Zainudin
UNSPECIFIED
Madete, June
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 4
Number: 4
Page Range: pp. 15-30
Keywords: Silicone Biocomposite, Arenga Pinnata Fibre, Silicone Rubber, Synthesization
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39118
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