Determination qibla direction of Batu Kapal based on digital surface model Batu Kapal / Nur Ezzatul Akmar Mustafa

Mustafa, Nur Ezzatul Akmar (2020) Determination qibla direction of Batu Kapal based on digital surface model Batu Kapal / Nur Ezzatul Akmar Mustafa. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


The rapid development in the design and production of various types of close range photogrammetry has an influence on a wide range of application and fields. Close range photogrammetry is one of the measurement methods capable of obtaining three dimensional coordinates by processing photos. In most cases archaeological finds and objects remain in the country of origin. Thus, for potential users away from that location, 3D models of archaeological finds and objects form an increasingly important resource since they can be analysed and visualised in efficient databases. This study conducted to determine the qibla direction at the Gunung Jerai, Kedah, and to produce 3D for generated model. Study area obtained that has been chosen is in Geopark Gunung Jerai, Kedah. The aerial photographs were obtained at the surrounding batu kapal area using drone. All the data obtained at the batu kapal area including the established qibla direction from the Kedah’s Mufti Department were used to produce 3D model based on digital surface model. The DSM then been used for qibla direction determination and batu kapal direction checking. Each deflection then been tabulated for easier reading and batu kapal then been mapped containing qibla direction with are new value. In conclusion, this study has achieved all the proposed objectives and proves that the UAV system can be used for determine for qibla direction of three dimensional models based on archaeological products.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Mustafa, Nur Ezzatul Akmar
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Aerial geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geomatics
T Technology > TR Photography > Applied photography > Scientific and technical applications > Photogrammetry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Keywords: Qibla Direction ; Digital Surface Model ; UAV ; Archaeological Products
Date: 12 August 2020
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