Effect of kenaf fibre and rice husk incorporation on melt flow and mechanical properties of calcium carbonate/Polypropylene hybrid composite / Mohd Muizz Fahimi Mohamed and Rahmah Mohamed

Mohd Muizz Fahimi, Mohamed and Rahmah, Mohamed (2015) Effect of kenaf fibre and rice husk incorporation on melt flow and mechanical properties of calcium carbonate/Polypropylene hybrid composite / Mohd Muizz Fahimi Mohamed and Rahmah Mohamed. In: Proceedings of Postgraduate Conference on Global Green Issues (Go Green), 7-8 October 2015, Dewan Kuliah Al-Khawarizmi Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Perak.

Abstract

This research is conducted to determine the changes in melt flow and mechanical properties of kenaf and rice husk
mix on hybrid composite filled with calcium carbonate, CaCo3/PP hybrid matrix. Variable ratios of hybrid
composite were incorporated using kenaf fibre (KF) and rice husk (RH) particulates which were mixed in different composition of 10:30, 15:25, 20:20, 25:15, 30:10, 35:5 with fixed 20% amount of CaCO3. Compounded hybrid composite was prepared via twin screw compounder and tested for melt flow index (MFI), tensile and impact strength. When added with kenaf and rice husk, the composites exhibited lower MFI. All compounds
showed MFI range from 2 to 3 gram/10 min. Highest MFI was observed with the highest ratio of rice husk to kenaf
fibre (KF/RH 10:30) whilst the lowest MFI value was exhibited by the composite ratio of KF/RH 35:5
incorporated into the mix of CaCo3/PP hybrid matrix. This implied that incorporation of kenaf fiber has resulted in
higher resistance of the hybrid matrix thus causing the melting flow index to increase accordingly. Tensile
strength, elongation at break and impact properties of hybrid composite have decreased due to the increasing
content of the rice husk. For tensile properties, better stress transfers were exhibited by higher RH compared to KF
which are shown from their higher tensile strength. Molecular interactions of CaCo3/PP hybrid matrix can
efficiently be provided by the stress transfer of RH after the addition of the filler into the hybrid. Meanwhile Young Modulus, E was also increased with addition of higher KF in CaCo3/PP hybrid composite mainly due to greater rigidity imposed by the fibrous kenaf. Impact strength was improved with higher rice husk content KF/RH 10:30. The higher toughness of higher rice husk content for hybrid composite showed that rice husk provide better resistant to fracture embrittlement. The rice husk enhances the impact forces subjected to the hybrid composite due to high silica content in rice husk and its particulates.

Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Muizz Fahimi, Mohamed
muiesfahimiey@yahoo.com
Rahmah, Mohamed
greenkayangan@gmail.com
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Composite materials.
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Engineered wood. Fiberboard, particle board, etc.
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Seri Iskandar Campus
Event Title: Proceedings of Postgraduate Conference on Global Green Issues (Go Green)
Event Dates: 7-8 October 2015
Page Range: pp. 119-123
Keywords: Hybrid Composites, Kenaf fibre, Rice husk, Calcium Carbonate, Melt Flow Index, Mechanical properties
Date: 2015
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/33128
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