Structural behaviour of reinforced expanded polystyrene steel fibre lightweight concrete (EPSF-LWC) wall panel with opening under axial load / Jamilah Abd Rahim

Abd Rahim, Jamilah (2018) Structural behaviour of reinforced expanded polystyrene steel fibre lightweight concrete (EPSF-LWC) wall panel with opening under axial load / Jamilah Abd Rahim. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


This study was conducted to determine characterization of lightweight concrete (LWC) mix containing expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads and reinforced with steel fibre. In the mix design calculation, the percentages of EPS beads added to the mix differ while the percentage of steel fibre were remained. The concrete mix were divided into three series which were series A, series B and series C. Each series represented different percentage of EPS and steel fibre. Series A (Ml) had zero EPS and zero steel fibre. Series B, contained 10 % (M2), 20 % (M3), 30 % (M4) and 40 % (M5) of EPS and zero steel fibre. Series C contained 10 % (M6), 20 % (M7), 30 % (M8) and 40 % (M9) of EPS enhanced with 0.5 % of steel fibre. Then, the bonding strength between expanded polystyrene enhanced with steel fibre lightweight concrete and reinforcement rod were evaluated. The results showed compressive strength EPSF-LWC of mix proportion M8 in series C were 19.51 MPa with density 1939 kg/m3. It is greater than 17 MPa as the requirement for structure component application as stated in the ASTM C-300. The bonding stress of mix 1 (Ml) in series A was 531.22 kPa and deformation was 5.83 mm. Meanwhile, bonding stress and deformation of reinforcement embedded in the mix 4 (M4) series B, were 174.54 kPa and 2.63 mm, respctively. Bonding stress and deformation in Mix 8 (M8) series C were 110.84 kPa and 1.5 mm, respctively. The deformation of the reinforcement rod embedded in the concrete influenced by the bonding stress of the concrete. From all concrete mix Ml to M9, only M8 from series C was chosen to be applied in the construction of EPSF-LWC wall panel. Hence, thirty two (32) of reinforced and unreinforced EPSF-LWC wall panels with different opening configuration and size were constructed to study the EPSF-LWC wall panel behaviour. The wall was set up under pinned-pinned (PP) and pinned-fixed (PF) end support conditions. The structural carrying capacities of EPSF-LWC wall panels with and without openings were compared. There were sixteen (16) samples with different cases modelled using finite element analysis (FEA) to validate the maximum loading, lateral displacement and crack patterns obtained from experiment and FEA. The maximum load carrying capacity for EPSF-LWC wall with opening obtained from reinforced (WR1) and unreinforced (WUR1) samples were 616.60 kN and 771.10 kN, respectively. Meanwhile, for reinforced and unreinforced EPSF-LWC wall panels without opening designated as WR2, WR3, WR4 and WUR2, WUR3, WUR4, respectively recorded the load carrying capacities of 315.10 kN, 350.20 kN, 331.80 kN, and 341.90, 470.70 kN, 430.50 kN respectively. The locations and sizes of openings in wall system have significant relationship to determine the wall capacity. Openings have significant effects on the strength capacity due to the high stress concentration. The deformation profile for experimental and finite element analysis (FEA) showed similar trends which linearly increased with maximum lateral displacement. It shows a single curvature pattern. Most of the cracks occurred at the opening edge and then followed by crushing at the top and bottom of wall panels. As conclusion the EPSF-LWC wall panels can sustain the axial load applied. The research is also showing a valuable insight in the actual process for the EPSF-LWC when it is applied to wall panel with opening subjected to axial compression load.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
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Abd Rahim, Jamilah
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Mechanics of engineering. Applied mechanics
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Reinforced concrete
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Master of Science in Civil Engineering (Structures)
Keywords: Polystyrene, Steel, Fibre
Date: 2018
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