Development of track-driven agriculture robot with terrain classification functionality / Khairul Azmi Mahadhir

Mahadhir, Khairul Azmi (2015) Development of track-driven agriculture robot with terrain classification functionality / Khairul Azmi Mahadhir. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Over the past years, many robots have been devised to facilitate agricultural activities (that are labor-intensive in nature) so that they can carry out tasks such as crop care or selective harvesting with minimum human supervision. It is commonly observed that rapid change in terrain conditions can jeopardize the performance and efficiency of a robot when performing agricultural activity. For instance, a terrain covered with gravel produces high vibration to robot when traversing on the surface. In this work, an agricultural robot is embedded with machine learning algorithm based on Support Vector Machine (SVM). The aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Support Vector Machine in recognizing different terrain conditions in an agriculture field. A test bed equipped with a tracked-driven robot and three types o f terrain i.e. sand, gravel and vegetation has been developed. A small and low power MEMS accelerometer is integrated into the robot for measuring the vertical acceleration. In this experiment, the vibration signals resulted from the interaction between the robot and the different type of terrain were collected. An extensive experimental study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of SVM. The results in terms of accuracy of two machine learning techniques based on terrain classification are analyzed and compared. The results show that the robot that is equipped with an SVM can recognize different terrain conditions effectively. Such capability enables the robot to traverse across changing terrain conditions without being trapped in the field. Hence, this research work contributes to develop a self-adaptive agricultural robot in coping with different terrain conditions with minimum human supervision.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Mahadhir, Khairul AzmiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Robotics. Robots. Manipulators (Mechanism) > Control systems
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Robotics. Robots. Manipulators (Mechanism) > Computer simulation
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Master of Science (Master in Engineering)
Item ID: 27619
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agriculture, Robot, Harvesting
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/27619

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