Factors that affect work-life balance among women employee at Menara Telekom Malaysia Melaka / Nur Puspalela Reduan

Reduan, Nur Puspalela (2012) Factors that affect work-life balance among women employee at Menara Telekom Malaysia Melaka / Nur Puspalela Reduan. Student Project. Faculty of Business and Management, Kampus Bandaraya Melaka. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Menara Telekom Malaysia Melaka has high numbers of women employees who’s holding managerial positions. Most of these women are already married. Married women usually face a problem regarding the way to balance their time with job at office and non-work for example time they need to spend with children and family. According to Milkovich (2011), work life balance is a program that helps employees better integrate their work and life responsibility including the time away from work, access to service to meet specific needs and flexible work arrangement. The problem occurs when women feel that they do not have the equivalent time for both responsibilities. Thus, the study hopes to investigate factors that have relationship with work-life balance. Employees who do not have work-life balance may face are many problems. The most common problem arises when employees do not have work life balance is stress. Stress is personal in that stress affects individuals in different ways. In similar situations or conditions some people cope, even thrive, on the pressure, whilst others find it difficult to cope and suffer negative stress as a result. It is also personal in the sense that the amount of control that the individual has, over their workplace conditions, events, and work-life balance, will influence the amount of negative stress that they suffer from. Those individuals with greater control will tolerate and manage stress levels, or avoid them altogether, more successfully. It is essential for a company such as Telekom Malaysia to ensure every single employee has work-life balance. A successful convergence between work and non-work aspect can be a win-win situation for employees and employers alike. The ability to achieve satisfying experiences in all life domains enhances the quality of personal relationships and a range of organisational outcomes. On the other hand, conflict between different roles has been linked to negative outcomes such as job dissatisfaction, psychological strain and substance abuse. Thus it is imperative for employees and companies to connect work-life issues with strategic business needs.

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