Synthesis and characterisation of PANI/CSA in ammonia detection / Zakira Imana Abu Mansor

Abu Mansor, Zakira Imana (2017) Synthesis and characterisation of PANI/CSA in ammonia detection / Zakira Imana Abu Mansor. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Since ammonia is categorized as a toxic gas, development of a new, simple and inexpensive gas detector was put onto the up front desk. It was expected the conducting polymers to be the most reliable material for this gas detector development purpose since it has ease processability and tunable conductivity features. Among the conducting polymers available, polyaniline (PANI) was chosen for this study. PANI was synthesized in the presence of camphorsulfonic acid (CSA) as dopant via chemical oxidation using potassium peroxydisulfate (KPS) as the oxidizing agent. The chemical structure was studied using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). The conducting properties were measured using a multimeter. As the result, the PANI/CSA film possessed conductivity at 3.04 × 10-6 S cm-1. The morphology of the PANI/CSA sample was studied using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The response sensitivity of the film toward exposure of ammonia at different concentration was evaluated. In the UV-Vis spectrum, it is useful to analyze the influence of ammonia exposure towards the PANI/CSA film. It was evaluated that the film displays highest sensitivity at 80 ppm exposure of ammonia. The film exhibit high selectivity towards ammonia compares to diethyl ether and hexane. However, the film exhibits low reusability


Item Type: Student Project
CreatorsID Num. / Email
Abu Mansor, Zakira ImanaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Polymers. Macromolecules
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Item ID: 25501
Uncontrolled Keywords: Synthesis, characterisation of PANI/CSA, Ammonia detection, UiTM Negeri Sembilan


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