Maintenance of tunnels in Malaysia against good practice / Saiful Adnan Mohamad Idris

Mohamad Idris, Saiful Adnan (2004) Maintenance of tunnels in Malaysia against good practice / Saiful Adnan Mohamad Idris. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM).


Tunnels are artificial passages built underground to facilitate transportation. Tunnels have been built from time immemorial for various purposes, such as defense, assault and traffic. Queen Semiramis in ancient Babylon under the Euphrates River to connect her palace and the temple of Jova constructed the earliest known tunnel about 4000 years ago. The tunnel was 1 krn long and was of section 3.6 m x4.5 m. It was constructed using the 'cut and cover1 method with brickwork in bituminous mortar and vaulted roof. Current day vehicular tunnels may be built for highways or railways and may be unidirectional or dual-directional. Often tunnels reduce distances. For example, the Banihal tunnel joining the Kashmir valley with the rest of the country has reduced the road distance by 18 km, besides facilitating year round communication. The world's second largest tunnel is the undersea Channel Tunnel linking Great Britain and France by rail. Considered an engineering marvel of the twentieth century, the tunnel is 50.5 krn long and lays 50 rn below the seabed for most of its length.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Mohamad Idris, Saiful Adnan
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mahmood, Mahayudin
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Tunneling. Tunnels
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Bachelor of Building Surveying (Hons)
Keywords: Transportation tunnels, subway or metro tunnels, design
Date: 2004
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 73540.pdf] Text

Download (143kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:
On Shelf

ID Number




Statistic details