Antioxidants for health management / Fatimah Salim, Nor Syarmila Shuib and Raihana Mohd Yusof

Salim, Fatimah and Shuib, Nor Syarmila and Mohd Yusof, Raihana (2022) Antioxidants for health management / Fatimah Salim, Nor Syarmila Shuib and Raihana Mohd Yusof. Jurnal Intelek, 17 (1): 6. pp. 55-62. ISSN 2231-7716


Antioxidants are technically reductant molecules that prevent the oxidation of other molecules. As other living systems, human biological molecules are also prone to oxidation reactions. In order to repair all of the oxidation damage, human body is naturally producing antioxidants or known as endogenous antioxidant. Unfortunately, the body’s production of antioxidants declines with age and this is found to be a strong factor in contributing to premature aging and degenerative diseases. Researchers have found that exogenous antioxidants which are obtained from foods may work together with endogenous antioxidants to maintain the redox reaction balance in the body. There are thought to be hundreds and possibly thousands of substances that can act as exogenous antioxidants including carotenoids, flavonoids, indoles, polyphenols, essential vitamins (A, C, E), and the minerals copper, zinc, manganese, and selenium. Thus, this paper intended to give insights on the endogenous and exogenous antioxidants, supplements as antioxidant, as well as guiding readers to get benefits of antioxidants from foods for a better health management. It was found that diet containing fruits and vegetables link to superior overall health effects. However, fruits and vegetables should be consumed regularly by considering the right cooking method to get the best effect due to the fact that some antioxidants are sensitive to some cooking method. Apart from diet containing high antioxidants, adopting active lifestyles with consistent exercise and stress management are also required to ensure good and long lasting health


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Salim, Fatimah
Shuib, Nor Syarmila
Mohd Yusof, Raihana
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
R Medicine > RB Pathology > Antioxidants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Jurnal Intelek
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Jurnal Intelek (JI)
ISSN: 2231-7716
Volume: 17
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 55-62
Keywords: Endogenous antioxidants, exogenous antioxidants, free radicals, reactive oxygen species (ROS)
Date: 2022
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 70565.pdf] Text

Download (256kB)

ID Number




Statistic details