Review on the synergistic effect of biofuel production from biomass and plastic / Nurul Najihah Abu Sofian

Abu Sofian, Nurul Najihah (2022) Review on the synergistic effect of biofuel production from biomass and plastic / Nurul Najihah Abu Sofian. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.


Conventional fuels like oil and coal release greenhouse gases and cause other problems to the environment. So, there is a need to find a replacement to make things better. Biofuel could be used as an alternative fuel to meet the need for energy as it can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, provide fuel, and ensure a steady supply of energy. Biofuel derived from biomass and plastic have the potential to replace a portion of the need for fossil fuels. Aside from helping to resolve environmental problems, biofuels derived from biomass and plastic also have high availability and low cost in production. Oil palm biomass and algae biomass has been seen to be good biomass source as biofuel feedstock as it is the most-grown type of plant, have more lipids per cell, more lipids per area, and have the potential to be grown on a large scale than other terrestrial and marine biomass species. Then, plastics such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) can be used to make biofuel as it has properties like the calorific value that are almost the same as petroleum fuel. Besides, to increase the quality of oil yield and improve the properties of bio-oil yield, the combination of biomasses and plastics is needed to create a synergistic effect. This present study attempts to review on the potential of biomass and plastic as biofuel. Besides, this study compares the synergistic effect between mixed biomass and biomass, plastic and plastic, and biomass and plastic using the different thermochemical methods to produce biofuel.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Abu Sofian, Nurul Najihah
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Polymers and polymer manufacture > Plastics
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Science and Geomatics
Keywords: Review ; Synergistic Effect ; Biofuel Production ; Biomass ; Plastic
Date: 14 November 2022
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