The impact of exchange rate and interest rate on Foreign Direct Investment / Siti Fazila Shahaini

Shahaini, Siti Fazila (1998) The impact of exchange rate and interest rate on Foreign Direct Investment / Siti Fazila Shahaini. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kelantan.


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has propelled the country into a higher stage of industrialisation during the past decades. The path towards
fully developed nation by the year 2020 will entail significant transformation in the economic structure of the country. The achievement of the objectives of vision 2020 will depend a lot on how Malaysia can stay competitive global environment and how it could adapt to the changing patterns of international trade and investment flows. This will in turn shows the role of foreign investment in the economic development of the country.
In the light of the considerable Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) that has ploughed into the Malaysian economy, this paper attempts empirically examine the impact of exchange rate and interest rate movement on FDI. Using an annual time series data considering from 1988 to 1997, the
regression analysis is used in estimating the variables. The Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) method is used to derive the estimated coefficient. The model used are the single variable and multi-variable model. In this study FDI is being divided into two sectors that are manufacturing and property sector.
Focussing on the primary objective of the study, i it was found that exchange rate of RM per unit of US$ , RM per unit of £. and interest rate
does not have a strong impact in influencing the inflow of Foreign Direct Investment. The result suggests that, other factors such as attractive and
liberal policy towards foreign investment, conducive economics and political condition and infrastructure facilities available in the country are major factors that will influence investor's decision to invest in this country.
Couple with fairly liberal policy towards FDI, the country's FDI will continue to grows over the years. It is obvious that FDI is actively and
directly involved in manufacturing and property sector. Therefore, FDI's increasing role can be seen as the beneficial factor towards Malaysia's
economic development.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Shahaini, Siti Fazila
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Kaur, Gumit
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Banking > Interest rates. Interest tables
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > International finance > Foreign exchange. Foreign exchange rates
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation > Investment companies. Investment trusts. Mutual funds
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation > Foreign investments. Country risk
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kelantan > Machang Campus > Faculty of Business and Management
Programme: Bachelor of Business Administration With Honors (Finance)
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Ordinary Least Squares (OLS), economic structure, economic development,
Date: October 1998
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