Antecedents of philanthropic behaviour among UiTM alumni towards UiTM education waqf fund / Khairul Jannah Samsudin

Samsudin, Khairul Jannah (2020) Antecedents of philanthropic behaviour among UiTM alumni towards UiTM education waqf fund / Khairul Jannah Samsudin. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


(HEIs) students on education loan. Since the existence of National Higher Education
Fund Corporation (PTPTN) fund in 1997 and a reduction of government scholarship,
HEIs students highly mainly focus on the fund, which can be cumbersome to the
students in the future. The problem arises as many of HEIs students cannot afford to
pay for the loan upon graduation. Realizing the need for another fund besides
education loan and scholarship, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) has
implemented its own education waqf fund to assist the students and the Muslim
society as a whole. Even though the university has implemented its own education
waqf fund, there has been lack of research done in investigating the willingness of
the alumni, as potential contributors to contribute for the fund. This research is aimed
at examining the antecedents of philanthropic behaviour among university alumni in
contributing for the education waqf fund. The university selected for the research was
UiTM. The philanthropic behaviour analysed is in terms of intention, motivation and
commitment of the alumni, with the application of three theories namely Theory of
Planned Behaviour (TPB), Expectancy Theory and Investment Model. This research
is significant in a few ways; as a reference to students as well as other readers, assists
ICAN to improve alumni engagement in activities held by the university, a
cornerstone for UiTM to enhance education waqf fund implementation, significant to
the government in developing HEIs education waqf fund and benefits Muslim society
as a whole in many areas. With the application of G*Power analysis, the suitable
number of respondents were obtained. For the purpose of overall analysis of data, the
Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) was meticulously
utilized, while SPSS 20.0 was used for descriptive analysis purpose. The findings of
the research showed that ten hypotheses were supported, while five hypotheses were
not supported. Further, the findings implied that the university alumni were motivated
to contribute, but did not have intention and commitment to contribute for the
education waqf fund. From the profiles of the fund contributor, this research also
found that only 14.5 percent of the alumni involved in the contribution, while the
other 85.5 percent did not. Based on the results obtained, this research has
recommended a few methods to the university and the education waqf fund itself.
This research is aimed at contributing for knowledge in terms of thorough discussion
on philanthropy and philanthropic behaviour, waqf, theories of philanthropy applied,
the conceptual framework derived from the theories and PLS-SEM application.
Student engagement is one of the methods suggested to create a better relationship
between the university and the alumni. The education waqf fund, on the other hand,
should focus on the easiness of the donors to contribute, the appropriate individuals
to manage the fund, and the implementation of laws that will enhance the fund
implementation. At the end of this research, it is recommended for future researchers
from other universities to replicate and validate the model introduced in this study to
determine the robustness of the current findings.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Samsudin, Khairul Jannah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ab. Manan, Siti Khadijah (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > Islam > Waqf. Awqāf. Charities. Endowments
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies (ACIS)
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy Contemporary Islamic Studies
Keywords: Philanthropy; waqf
Date: October 2020
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