Evaluation of Halalan Toyyiban Risk Management Plan (HTRMP) practices during receiving activities in warehouse of frozen chicken frankfurters / Hafsah Yahya

Yahya, Hafsah (2021) Evaluation of Halalan Toyyiban Risk Management Plan (HTRMP) practices during receiving activities in warehouse of frozen chicken frankfurters / Hafsah Yahya. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Halalan-toyyiban food supply chain is important to preserve the Halal integrity, safety and quality of Halal food products in the whole chain of product movement. This study highlights the concept of Halal frozen food chain that covers the issues of food Halalness, the safety and quality aspects of frozen food products along activities on warehousing stage. A cold chain provides the essential facilities and methods required to maintain the Halal and quality of foods. Halalan-toyyiban Risk Management Plan (HTRMP) is used to determine the Halal Critical Control Point (HCCP) which may affect the status of frozen food products either in term of Halal, safety or quality. Some interview and focused group were conducted to know the overview of Halal warehousing activities. Survey was conducted to determine the elements that can be used as auditing checklist during receiving frozen chicken frankfurters at warehouse either for internal or external audit. Furthermore, the activities along receiving of frozen food products were observed at selected distribution centre. This observation was covering the operational practices, personal hygiene practices and sanitation programme. It shows that there are poor personal practices and limited sanitation programme implemented at this selected frozen food distributor. This study also aims to examine the physicochemical and microbiological properties of frozen chicken frankfurters during receiving at warehouse. From the study, questionnaires shown that the warehouse service providers were practiced HTRMP. While from observation, it found that there were few warehouse or distributors were not practiced HTRMP. Temperature abuse combined with poor operational practices are the foremost factors in the mishandling of frozen food products which can result in outbreaks of food borne disease. From this study, it shows that the distributor does not monitor temperature during receiving and storage properly. Then the samples were taken for physicochemical and microbiological analysis. Based on the result, the data shown no significantly difference between the frozen chicken frankfurter after receiving at food distributor and after thawing for 5 hours in term of colour, moisture content, texture, pH and water activity. There were result found for physicochemical analysis of chicken frankfurters after receiving and after thawing for 5 hours. Data after receiving of chicken frankfurters were colour (L* = 70.64 ± 2.15a, a* = 8.48 ± 0.70a, b* = 19.72 ± 1.52a), moisture content (33.97 ± 3.96a), texture (Hardness = 9.717 ± 4.14a, Springiness
= 0.85 ± 0.09a, Cohesiveness = 0.38 ± 0.11a, Gumminess = 4.03 ± 2.93a, Chewiness = 3.29 ± 2.03a), pH (6.69 ± 0.23a) and water activity (0.96 ± 0.01a). On the other hand, the result after thawing 5 hours were colour (L* = 69.84 ± 3.14a, a* = 8.29 ± 0.66a, b* = 18.81 ± 0.88a), moisture content (33.04 ± 2.14a), texture (Hardness = 7.778 ± 1.97a, Springiness = 0.86 ± 0.04a, Cohesiveness = 0.33 ± 0.06a, Gumminess = 2.81 ± 1.39a, Chewiness = 2.32 ± 0.96a), pH (6.87 ± 0.07a) and water activity (0.97 ± 0.00a). While for microbial analysis, frozen chicken frankfurters condition during receiving were at high risk level due to temperature were not monitored and controlled properly although the data shown not significantly differ. Result found for microbiological after receiving of chicken frankfurters were aerobic mesophilic = 4.28 ± 0.17a log cfu/g, Enterobacteriaceae 2.76 ± 1.18a log cfu/g, Coliform = 2.31 ± 1.20a log cfu/g, Staphylococcus = 2.29 ± 0.23a log cfu/g, and non-detected for E. coli, yeast and mould and Salmonella. Hence, after thawing for 5 hours the result found were aerobic mesophilic = 5.14 ± 0.80a log cfu/g, Enterobacteriaceae 3.42 ± 1.52a log cfu/g, Coliform = 3.07 ± 1.38a log cfu/g, Staphylococcus = 2.65 ± 0.67a log cfu/g, and non-detected for E. coli, yeast and mould and Salmonella. However, the environmental cleanliness at the food distributor also unsatisfactory. This leads to contamination to occurs as the microbiological counts found to be high on frozen chicken frankfurters during receiving at distributors. This study suggested HTRMP as a guideline to the cold warehouse and distribution center for maintaining the Halal and toyyiban status of frozen food products.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
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Yahya, Hafsah
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Thesis advisor
Muhammad Nurul Azmi, Aida Firdaus (Ts. Dr.)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Risk management. Risk in industry. Operational risk
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Food industry and trade. Halal food industry. Certification
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Malaysia Institute of Transport (MITRANS)
Programme: Master of Science (Transport and Logistics)
Keywords: Evaluation; Halalan Toyyiban Risk Management Plan; HTRMP; practices; receiving activities; warehouse; frozen chicken frankfurters
Date: February 2021
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/59842
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