Adsorption of malachite green onto treated lalang (Imperata cylindrica) powder / Nor Syahida Ahmad Bakarim

Ahmad Bakarim, Nor Syahida (2014) Adsorption of malachite green onto treated lalang (Imperata cylindrica) powder / Nor Syahida Ahmad Bakarim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Adsorbent prepared from lalang (Imperata cylindrica) leaf- a low cost adsorbent were used for removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution. The adsorbent is sulphuric acid-treated Imperata cylindrica powder (SICP). The adsorbent materials were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. FTIR analysis showed that a large number of carbonyl and hydroxyl groups presence on the surface of SICP. Batch experiments were conducted to investigate the various parameters with respect to the pHzpc, initial dye concentrations, solution pH, and adsorbent dosage. The pHzpc of SICP was determined to be 6.90 in which the adsorption of malachite green that considered as cationic dye was favorable. For kinetic adsorption studied, pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order were applied. Based on the result, it showed that kinetic studies were perfectly represented by pseudo-second-order kinetic model, suggesting that the adsorption might be physisorption process. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms models were employed in order to investigate the adsorption behavior of SICP and it followed the Langmuir isotherm model compared to the Freundlich isotherm model. So, it shows that adsorption process was monolayer with the coverage of the MG molecule only takes place at the outer surface of SICP. The maximum adsorption capacity (qmax) was found to be 92.51 mg g-1 at pH 7, shaking speed of 120 rpm and at temperature at 303 K.


Item Type: Student Project
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Ahmad Bakarim, Nor Syahida
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Optics. Light > Spectroscopy
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Adsorption
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals > Acids > Sulfuric acid
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Adsorbent, lalang leaf, Imperata cylindrica
Date: 2014
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