Heavy metals in free-ranged and farmed chickens / Hairul Ameelda Hairul lkhsan

Hairul lkhsan, Hairul Ameelda (2016) Heavy metals in free-ranged and farmed chickens / Hairul Ameelda Hairul lkhsan. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Background: In polluted regions, such as an ex-mining area or an industrial area, free-range chickens can accumulate high concentrations of potentially toxic heavy metals, such as lead, copper, cadmium, and zinc, particularly in liver and kidney. Heavy metals are able to bioaccumulate higher in liver compared to meat. Contaminated meat is a source of illness in human beings; in this case, heavy metals are directly related to health diseases in humans. Among other routes, food is one of the main sources of consumer exposure to heavy metals. Methodology: This study is an observational study, where samples purchased are all from broilers grown in Kuala Langat district only. For sample preparation, wet digestion method was used. PerkinElmer's Flame Atomic Absorption Spectoscopy (FAAS) model PinAAcle -, 900T is used to analyze heavy metals concentration in the samples. For the purpose of approximating the potential health risks associated with long run exposure to heavy metals pollutants, target hazard quotients (THQ) and Hazard Index (HI) are used in this study. Results: Mean concentration of cadmium, lead and zinc in free­ ranged chicken liver are 0.38 ± 0.03,_ 0.076 ± 0.006, and 19.43 ± 0.10 mg/kg respectively. Meanwhile, mean concentration of cadmium, lead and zinc in farmed chicken liver are 0.43 ± 0.03, 0.227 ± 0.014, and 22.97 ± 1.39 mg/kg respectively. Conclusion: Farmed chicken livers showed significantly higher heavy metals concentrations compare to of free-ranged chickens. However, health risk assessment conducted showed that both Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) and Health Index (HI) are lower than the value of 1, which means that there is no possible health risk and it is safe to consume chickens' livers from both groups.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Hairul lkhsan, Hairul Ameelda
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Cadmium
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Food and food supply in relation to public health
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Metallurgy
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Farmed Chickens
Date: 2016
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/55270
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