The effect of particle breakage on the stress-strain curve / Juhaizad Ahmad

Ahmad, Juhaizad (2007) The effect of particle breakage on the stress-strain curve / Juhaizad Ahmad. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Granular soils can be found in natural slope, foundation base and embankments. It is
subjected to static and dynamics loads and the loads can cause particle breakage.
Particle breakage is a phenomenon where the soil particles transform to finer state
due to slippage, dilation and creep. Particle breakage can affect the stress-strain
curve and this is the main focus in this study. The behaviour of stress-strain curve is
no more typical if particle breakage commence. The results of consolidation
isotropically drained triaxial test of coarse grain sands are presented in this study.
The aim of this research is to study on how particle breakage affects the stress-strain
curve. The specimens are made of quartz sand with grain size 0.6mm, 1.18mm and
2mm. There are 15 specimens presented with confining pressures 50kPa, lOOkPa,
200kPa, 300kPa and 400kPa are applied for each grain size. The breakage is detected
using microphone and the sound recorded is analysed via Sony Sound Forge
software. Moreover, dry sieve analysis is conducted before and after the test in order
to justify whether breakage occur during shearing stage. From the results obtained, it
can be seen that particle breakage has shifted the axial strain at failure. The peak
strength at failure always coincide at the same axial strain but particle breakage cause
the peak strength to shift to the right with increasing confining pressure. The effect
on the Mohr circle shows that particle breakage causes the failure envelope to be
curved at high pressure. Normally the test with no particle breakage results a straight
failure envelope. The effect of particle breakage to strength is it will increase the
deviator stress until a certain point which is abnormally higher than usual.
Furthermore, the dense sand will exhibit behaviour like loose sand as the peak
strength doesn't appear in stress-strain curve. It is because the effect of dilation is
diminished while excessive breakage occurs.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Ahmad, Juhaizad
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Particles
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Keywords: Granular soils, natural slope, particle breakage, foundation base, embankments
Date: 2007
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