Development of Bent-up Triangular Tab Shear Transfer (BTTST) enhancement in Cold-Formed Steel (CFS)-concrete composite beams / Mohd Irwan Juki

Juki, Mohd Irwan (2010) Development of Bent-up Triangular Tab Shear Transfer (BTTST) enhancement in Cold-Formed Steel (CFS)-concrete composite beams / Mohd Irwan Juki. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Cold-formed steel (CFS) sections, have been recognised as an important contributor to environmentally responsible and sustainable structures in developed countries, and CFS framing is considered as a sustainable 'green' construction material for low rise residential and commercial buildings. However, there is still lacking of data and information on the behaviour and performance of CFS beam in composite construction. The use of CFS has been limited to structural roof trusses and a host of nonstructural applications. One of the limiting features of CFS is the thinness of its section (usually between 1.2 and 3.2 mm thick) that makes it susceptible to torsional, distortional, lateral-torsional, lateral-distortional and local buckling. Hence, a reasonable solution is resorting to a composite construction of structural CFS section and reinforced concrete deck slab, which minimises the distance from the neutral-axis to the top of the deck and reduces the compressive bending stress in the CFS sections. Also, by arranging two CFS channel sections back-to-back restores symmetricity and suppresses lateraltorsional and to a lesser extent, lateral-distortional buckling. The two-fold advantages promised by the system, promote the use of CFS sections in a wider range of structural applications. An efficient and innovative floor system of built-up CFS sections acting compositely with a concrete deck slab was developed to provide an alternative composite system for floors and roofs in buildings. The system, called Precast Cold-Formed Steel- Concrete Composite System, is designed to rely on composite actions between the CFS sections and a reinforced concrete deck where shear forces between them are effectively transmitted via another innovative shear transfer enhancement mechanism called a bent-up triangular tab shear transfer (BTTST). The study mainly comprises two major components, i.e. experimental and theoretical work. Experimental work involved small scale and large-scale testing of laboratory tests.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Juki, Mohd Irwan
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ab Hamid, Hanizah
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Structural engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy IN Civil Engineering - EC990
Keywords: Cold-formed steel (CFS), sustainable structure, construction material, beam, composite construction
Date: 2010
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