Assessment on rainfall behaviour at sinkhole tragedic area in Ipoh South / Dalilasuriani Johari

Johari, Dalilasuriani (2004) Assessment on rainfall behaviour at sinkhole tragedic area in Ipoh South / Dalilasuriani Johari. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Sinkhole can be described as the hole in the earth’s surface, natural drain into the water table and sudden collapse that can swallow a highway or a building. It is a costly recurring problem faced by many countries such as Malaysia where some of the areas have limestone with underground cavities as the bedrock. Several researches have been done by various government and private agencies especially by Mineral & Geoscience Department of Malaysia relating to the occurrence of sinkhole failure. However, until now, there is no research of this kind in establishing the sinkhole failure index based on rainfall behaviour. The category of classifying the degree of sinkhole event named as “ROSE” Index (after the name of researchers, Roslan and Shafee 1999) can be used to indicate the risk level of sinkhole occurrence based on rainfall behaviour. “ROSE” Index Method is a simple method in determining the likelihood of sinkhole risk occurrence and is of great contribution to the nation in realizing issues related to sinkhole problems. In this context, rainfall is of major importance agent in causing sinkhole. Rainfall data for 7 days before and on the day of sinkhole occurrence were taken in Ipoh South to relate the rainfall behaviour with the occurrence of sinkhole. For better realization concerning the effects of the rainfall on sinkhole, intensity, energy and erosivity of rainfall must be taken into consideration. With the knowledge of the rainfall erosivity values, one can predict or forecast any areas that could lead to sinkhole event. “ROSE” Index which firmly indicates the relationship between rainfall erosivity and sinkhole events can be used as a tool in demarcating or categorizing the level of sinkhole risk namely low, moderate, high, very high and critical.
From “ROSE” Index Method, majority of selected sinkhole locations are under high, very high and critical category. Only two locations out of twenty selected locations are in moderate category. Therefore, “ROSE” Index can be used as a tool to predict sinkhole for other area having limestone as the bedrock based on rainfall pattern. It is hoped that the outcome of this research work would make some tangible new contribution to the scientific community in moving a step closer to understanding and solving the severe problem of sinkhole.


Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 53893.pdf] Text

Download (107kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details