Assessment on rainfall behaviour at sinkhole tragedic area in Ipoh South / Dalilasuriani Johari

Johari, Dalilasuriani (2004) Assessment on rainfall behaviour at sinkhole tragedic area in Ipoh South / Dalilasuriani Johari. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Sinkhole can be described as the hole in the earth’s surface, natural drain into the water table and sudden collapse that can swallow a highway or a building. It is a costly recurring problem faced by many countries such as Malaysia where some of the areas have limestone with underground cavities as the bedrock. Several researches have been done by various government and private agencies especially by Mineral & Geoscience Department of Malaysia relating to the occurrence of sinkhole failure. However, until now, there is no research of this kind in establishing the sinkhole failure index based on rainfall behaviour. The category of classifying the degree of sinkhole event named as “ROSE” Index (after the name of researchers, Roslan and Shafee 1999) can be used to indicate the risk level of sinkhole occurrence based on rainfall behaviour. “ROSE” Index Method is a simple method in determining the likelihood of sinkhole risk occurrence and is of great contribution to the nation in realizing issues related to sinkhole problems. In this context, rainfall is of major importance agent in causing sinkhole. Rainfall data for 7 days before and on the day of sinkhole occurrence were taken in Ipoh South to relate the rainfall behaviour with the occurrence of sinkhole. For better realization concerning the effects of the rainfall on sinkhole, intensity, energy and erosivity of rainfall must be taken into consideration. With the knowledge of the rainfall erosivity values, one can predict or forecast any areas that could lead to sinkhole event. “ROSE” Index which firmly indicates the relationship between rainfall erosivity and sinkhole events can be used as a tool in demarcating or categorizing the level of sinkhole risk namely low, moderate, high, very high and critical.
From “ROSE” Index Method, majority of selected sinkhole locations are under high, very high and critical category. Only two locations out of twenty selected locations are in moderate category. Therefore, “ROSE” Index can be used as a tool to predict sinkhole for other area having limestone as the bedrock based on rainfall pattern. It is hoped that the outcome of this research work would make some tangible new contribution to the scientific community in moving a step closer to understanding and solving the severe problem of sinkhole.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Johari, Dalilasuriani
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Advisor
Jamaludin, Damanhuri
UNSPECIFIED
Advisor
Ahmad, Azura
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Environmental engineering
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Engineering geology. Rock mechanics. Soil mechanics.
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Soil mechanics. Including properties of soils, water in soil, strength properties, consolidation, etc.
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Soil mechanics. Including properties of soils, water in soil, strength properties, consolidation, etc. > Laboratory manuals. Testing of soils. Measurements
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental auditing
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental auditing > Environmental reporting
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental auditing > Environmental reporting > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) (Civil)
Keywords: Sinkhole, “ROSE” Index Method, Rainfall
Date: October 2004
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/53893
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