The rise of the Kremlin Troll / Sarah Morrison

Morrison, Sarah (2021) The rise of the Kremlin Troll / Sarah Morrison. Journal of Media and Information Warfare (JMIW), 14 (2): 1. pp. 1-14. ISSN 1985-563X


After the Cold War collapse, the Russian government demonstrated several failings regarding military
strategy and information operations. The Russian government then undertook improvements through
critical learnings to formulate information warfare and adapt to online communication applications.
Included in this strategy was the flooding of communications with a narrative designed to confuse and
cast doubt on Russian and world events. This paper examines Russia's approach to information warfare
during the Chechnya Wars, the Georgia war, the 2010/2011 Arab Spring protests, and the international
protests and internal unrest in Russia at the end of 2011. As demonstrated through this timeline, rather
than failing at information operations, Russia has been learning and adapting these techniques and
strategies using online communication applications, particularly social medial networks (SMNs),
resulting in the rise of the Kremlin troll. This paper will conclude by examining the Internet Research
Agency (IRA), a known Russian troll farm in St Petersburg.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Morrison, Sarah
Subjects: U Military Science > U Military Science (General) > Information warfare
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Media and Information Warfare (JMIW)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Media and Information Warfare (JMIW)
ISSN: 1985-563X
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 1-14
Keywords: Information operations, Russian information warfare, Internet Research Agency, Kremlin troll, Disinformation
Date: December 2021
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