A study of Sarawak ethnic food “Tuak” as means of communication in understanding culture / Nik Mohd Shahril Nik Mohd Nor … [et al.]

Nik Mohd Nor, Nik Mohd Shahril and Mohamed Idris, Aida Khalida and Hashim, Norliana and Tarmazi, Siti Anis Adilah and Dawi, Siti Dorsiela (2020) A study of Sarawak ethnic food “Tuak” as means of communication in understanding culture / Nik Mohd Shahril Nik Mohd Nor … [et al.]. Gading Journal for Social Sciences, 23 (1). pp. 1-5. ISSN e-ISSN: 2600 - 7568


At present, food is more than just a means or an imperative element of survival. Some
food is related to society, religions, continuity, culture and identity. Iban, Bidayuh, Malay,
Melanau, Chinese, Sebob and Orang Ulu are among the natives’ groups of who populates the
largest state of Malaysia and each group owned their uniqueness of ethnic natives’ food identity
and cultures. Sarawak is culturally rich in terms of its various races, religions, languages, and
celebrations. Therefore, present study aims to study on the Sarawak ethnic natives’ traditional
food “Tuak” as means to communicate in the Iban culture. Other researches study has been
reviewed in filling the gap of understanding Sarawak culture through food communication.
“Tuak” (alcoholic beverage made from rice wine) is one of the most cultural identities
associated with the Iban ethnic and is very popular during the Gawai Dayak festive. Gawai
relies on Tuak as an offer of thanksgiving to rice spirit for a bountiful harvest and also as a sign
of gratitude and in requesting Petara for more blessings, long life and prosperity. In conclusion,
this study highlighted the importance of the Sarawak ethnic food Tuak towards food symbolism
as it represents an image of Iban culture, religions and festival which needed to be well
protected and maintained and if it is not done so, it will not make a distinction or faded among
the society.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Nik Mohd Nor, Nik Mohd Shahril
Mohamed Idris, Aida Khalida
Hashim, Norliana
Tarmazi, Siti Anis Adilah
Dawi, Siti Dorsiela
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion. Mythology. Rationalism > Philosophy of religion. Psychology of religion. Religion in relation to other subjects > Ethnicity. Ethnic relations
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > Culture
T Technology > TX Home economics > Cooking
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Gading Journal for Social Sciences
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Gading Journal for the Social Sciences (GADINGSS)
ISSN: e-ISSN: 2600 - 7568
Volume: 23
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-5
Keywords: Culture, Food, Iban, Sarawak, Tuak
Date: June 2020
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/46285
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