Effect of TiO2 nanofiller on pva/pvp based alkaline solid polymer electrolyte / Noor Izzati Zarawi

Zarawi, Noor Izzati (2008) Effect of TiO2 nanofiller on pva/pvp based alkaline solid polymer electrolyte / Noor Izzati Zarawi. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Alkaline solid polymer electrolyte (ASPBE) containing a blend of poly(vinylalcohol) (PVA) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP), potassium hydroxide (KOH) as an ionic dopant as well as titanium(IV)dioxide (TiO2) as a nanofiller were prepared by solution casting technique. The concentration ratios of the polymer blend, ionic dopant and nanofiller were varied systematically. The conductivity was studied using impedance spectroscopy in order to investigate ionic conduction in composite PVA/PVP-KOH + TiO2 electrolyte systems. The conductivity for composite samples with selected composition from 4 wt.%, 6 wt.%, 8 wt.% and 9 wt.% of TiO2 were determined at various temperatures. The 8 wt.% composition of TiO2 nanofiller sample gave the highest conductivity of 1.43 x 10-1 S/cm at room temperature. The conductivitytemperature dependence of the entire samples obeyed Arrehenius rule implying that a hoping mechanism of the in charge carrier is taken place. The activation energy, Ea of 0.3144 eV was obtained for the highest conducting sample. Electrical properties were than further characterized on the data collected from impedance studies. The conduction mechanism of the charge carrier followed quantum mechanical tunneling (QMT) model. This conduction mechanism apparently occurred according to ion hopping mechanisms.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Zarawi, Noor Izzati
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Yahya, Muhd Zu Azhan (Dr.)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrolytes, electrolyte solutions
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Physics
Keywords: Nanofiller, Alkaline solid polymer electrolyte, Concentration ratios
Date: 2008
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/46281
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