Heavy metals in sweet potato and its potential health risk to human / Azwan Azreen Alias

Alias, Azwan Azreen (2013) Heavy metals in sweet potato and its potential health risk to human / Azwan Azreen Alias. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Introduction: Locally grown sweet potatoes Uoomoee batatas L.) maybe contaminated by heavy metals from various sources. Heavy metals in vegetables such as tuber when ingested may lead to adverse health effects. This study will determine the heavy metals concentration in sweet potato grown at highland and lowland areas and its potential health risk to humans.
Methodology: In this study, sweet potatoes from lowland namely Kuala Selangor and highland namely Cameron Highland were taken and analyzed for Lead (Pb), Cadmium (Cd), Arsenic (As) by Flame and Graphite Atomic Absorption Spectrometer. The heavy metals concentration was compared with maximum permitted proportion of metal contaminant in specified food as stated in Food Regulations 1985. Questionnaires were distributed among public at both study location and Health Risk Assessment was done to predict potential health risk from consumption of the sweet potatoes. Statistical analysis was done to compare the mean concentration of heavy metals of sweet potatoes from both lowland and highland.
Result: Based on this study, concentration of Cd and Pb in lowland sweet potatoes were found to exceed the maximum permitted proportion of metal contaminant in specified food as stated in Food Regulations 1985 with mean of 1.46mg/kg and 2.09mg/kg respectively. Concentration of As for both highland and lowland sweet potatoes were found to be below the maximum permitted proportion. There is significant difference of mean concentration of Pb (p-value < 0.05, p= 0.006) in sweet potato grown at lowland and highland. Concentration of Cd in both sweet potatoes grown at lowland and highland shows significant difference (p-value<0.05, p=0.04). As, there is also significant difference of mean concentration was found (p-value <0.05, p=0.00). Hazard Index was found to be less than 1 which indicates consumption of sweet potatoes tested in this study will not pose health risk.
Conclusion: This study shows a significant difference of mean concentration for all three heavy metals tested in lowland and highland sweet potatoes. Consumption of the sweet potatoes under current consumption rate will not pose health risk. However, further study should be done to support these findings.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Alias, Azwan Azreen
2009636996
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Masngut, Mohd Izwan
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Food and food supply in relation to public health
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Vegetables
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 44188
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sweet potatoes, Health Risk Assessment, Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic, Highland, Lowland
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44188

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  • Bilik Koleksi Harta Intelek, Unit Terbitan Bersiri & Elektronik, PTAR Puncak Alam
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