Composite from high density polyethylene (HDPE) reinforced with rice husks (Oryza sativa): Preparation and mechanical property / Norin Zamiah Kassim Shaari, Ahmad Redha Taha and Suhaiza Hanim Hanipah

Kassim Shaari, Norin Zamiah and Taha, Ahmad Redha and Hanipah, Suhaiza Hanim (2020) Composite from high density polyethylene (HDPE) reinforced with rice husks (Oryza sativa): Preparation and mechanical property / Norin Zamiah Kassim Shaari, Ahmad Redha Taha and Suhaiza Hanim Hanipah. Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET), 3 (2). pp. 25-29. ISSN 2682-8588

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Abstract

In this study, the composite from HDPE polymer was formulated with the incorporation of Oryza sativa also known in general as rice husks or hulls with two different methods: with the incorporation of plasticiser (glycerol and citric acid) and without plasticisers. The ratio of glycerol to citric acid used in the experiment was 1:2. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of incorporating rice husk with different fibre sizes on the mechanical properties of the HDPE composite. The blending of HDPE with the rice husk was performed in a mixer in processing compounding polymer followed by the extrusion process. Results show that in the absence of the plasticiser, rice husk portrays good compatibility with HDPE polymer, where the composite possessed good tensile strength and elongation. The best plasticising effect was portrayed by filler with 100 µm as it yields the highest tensile strength and strain. In conclusion, the composite could be potentially used for suitable applications, which requires flexible material with better processing ability and would not be brittle.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
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Kassim Shaari, Norin Zamiah
UNSPECIFIED
Taha, Ahmad Redha
UNSPECIFIED
Hanipah, Suhaiza Hanim
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Polyethylene
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Malaysian Journal of Chemical Engineering and Technology (MJCET)
ISSN: 2682-8588
Volume: 3
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 25-29
Item ID: 43487
Uncontrolled Keywords: HDPE, Rice husk, Fibre size, Tensile strength, Elongation
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43487

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43487

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