Effects of various environments on tensile properties, flexural properties and fracture toughness of kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites / Farizah Adliza Ghazali

Ghazali, Farizah Adliza (2010) Effects of various environments on tensile properties, flexural properties and fracture toughness of kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites / Farizah Adliza Ghazali. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

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Abstract

Natural fibres have an outstanding potential as reinforcement in composites
materials. This research deals with the preparation of kenaf fibre reinforced
unsaturated polyester (KFRP) composites by compression moulding technique. The
preparation and testing of composite specimens were carried out per ASTM standards.
Tests were conducted on ESH 50kN servo hydraulic machine using built-in data
acquisition system at displacement rate of 1.5 mm/min. At the first stage, this research
aimed to determine the mechanical properties of KFRP composites at various fibre
volume fractions with three types of target volume fraction i.e. 10%, 15% and 20%.
Among three types of target volume, the fibre volume fraction of 20% was selected as
the greatest fibre volume fraction based on the highest mechanical properties obtained
and then was evaluated for the effects of various environments. At the second stage,
the research has been carried on the tensile, flexural and fracture toughness testing of
KFRP composites after exposing to various environments, i.e. distilled water, saline
water, organic fuel (diesel), acidic water (sulphuric acid 33.5% v/v), high temperature
and low temperature. Exposure to the low temperature were executed by exposing the
specimen in ice at -10oC and for high temperature, the specimen have been kept in a
closed oven at 60oC monitored by using a built-in thermocouple. Analysis of the
results reveals that the lowest in tensile properties for the same duration of exposure
was found after exposure into saline water (σ = 9.59 MPa, E = 4.15 GPa) and then in
distilled water followed by acidic water, high temperature, organic fuel and low
temperature (σ = 14.39 MPa, E = 6.26 GPa). The lowest flexural properties were
found after exposure into saline water (σfs = 13.34 MPa, Efs = 0.48 GPa) followed by
distilled water, then in acidic water, organic fuel, high temperature and low
temperature (σfs = 13.34 MPa, Efs = 0.48 GPa) for the same duration of exposure. The
lowest fracture toughness was found after exposure into high temperature (KI = 100
MPa√mm) and then in low temperature followed by saline water, distilled water,
acidic water and organic fuel (KI = 138 MPa√mm) for the same duration of exposure.
The fractographic analysis of the specimens was done to identify the damage
mechanism of KFRP composites due to the environmental effects. The failure was
dominated by brittle failure and fibre-matrix interface debonding.

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Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
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Ghazali, Farizah Adliza
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Composite materials.
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Reinforced concrete
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Item ID: 4263
Uncontrolled Keywords: Natural fibres, reinforcement, composites materials, kenaf fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester (KFRP), composite
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/4263

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