Application of IMC-PID Controller with integer-order filter and fractional-order filter for steam distillation essential oil extraction process / Siti Nur Hasinah Johari, Ramli Adnan and Mazidah Tajjudin

Johari, Siti Nur Hasinah and Adnan, Ramli and Tajjudin, Mazidah (2020) Application of IMC-PID Controller with integer-order filter and fractional-order filter for steam distillation essential oil extraction process / Siti Nur Hasinah Johari, Ramli Adnan and Mazidah Tajjudin. Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems Research (JEESR), 17. pp. 1-7. ISSN 1985-5389

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Abstract

Essential oils are one of the main compounds in the pharmaceutical, fragrance and food industries. Essential oils are volatile and sensitive to heat. They can be extracted using various methods and including steam distillation which is regarded in this research. Consequently, the temperature during the extraction process is an important factor that influences the quality of essential oils. For decades the famous PID controller dominated the industrial control loop. Poor PID control tuning may result in poor control performance and even poor quality products. This study proposes an Internal Model Control (IMC) tuning method for a PID controller to control steam temperature during the extraction process. IMC suggested a model based tuning rules so that the closed-loop will be less sensitive to disturbance. Two types of IMCPID controller approaches were considered in this paper which are IMC-PID controller with integer-order filter (IOF) and IMC-PID controller with fractional-order filter (FOF). There is a single tuning parameter in IO filter, while the FO filter has two parameters to be tuned in order to achieve satisfactory response of the system. The simulation is done in Simulink using MATLAB R2018a and comparison studies are made for transient response (Tr, Ts, %Mp) for both controllers. The result has shown that the IMC-PID FOF controller gives a better response than IMC-PID IOF controller by having less overshoot (2.59%) and has fastest rise time and settling time by 264.7s and 447.4s respectively.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email
Johari, Siti Nur Hasinah
hasinahjohari@gmail.com
Adnan, Ramli
UNSPECIFIED
Tajjudin, Mazidah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machinery exclusive of prime movers > Tribology. Lubrication and friction > Lubricants
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanics applied to machinery. Dynamics
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Probes (Electronic instruments)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Electrical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Electrical & Electronic Systems Research (JEESR)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Electrical and Electronic Systems Research (JEESR)
ISSN: 1985-5389
Volume: 17
Page Range: pp. 1-7
Official URL: https://jeesr.uitm.edu.my
Item ID: 42378
Uncontrolled Keywords: Essential Oils Extraction, Steam Distillation, IMCPID controller, Fractional-order filter, Integer-order filter
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/42378

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42378

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