Fire simulation of a scaled Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) tunnel / Razieh Khaksari Haddad ... (et al.)

Haddad, Razieh Khaksari and Reda, Eslam and Rasani, Mohammad Rasi and Malok Zedan, Cristian and Harun, Zambri (2018) Fire simulation of a scaled Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) tunnel / Razieh Khaksari Haddad ... (et al.). Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 7 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 18235514


The risk of serious accidents increases with the number of road tunnels and their users. Considering the importance of protecting passenger’s safety and health in underground tunnels, analysis of the fire flow by the computational
fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation is a necessity. The most common ventilation system is the longitudinal ventilation system used in underground tunnels in Malaysia. A major parameter for the designing of this kind of ventilation
system is to calculate the “the critical velocity of ventilation” for the system. The value of the critical ventilation velocity is the minimum velocity which can eliminate the backlayering flow, and drive it downstream. This paper carries out a CFD simulation of an unexpected fire occurring in a one-way MRT tunnel with a 2.266 kW fire. This article focuses on the effect of various forced ventilation velocities on the temperature distribution and the stratification of the pollutant to estimate the critical velocity. The results indicate that an increase in the inlet velocity causes the backlayering length decreases. It can also be shown that the average temperature decreases with increasing longitudinal velocity due to a large amount of entrained fresh air. The results on backlayering and critical ventilation velocity could be utilized by firefighting services designers in preparing the design of such services.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Haddad, Razieh Khaksari
Reda, Eslam
Rasani, Mohammad Rasi
Malok Zedan, Cristian
Harun, Zambri
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Mechanics applied to machinery. Dynamics
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 7
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Keywords: Longitudinal ventilation system; critical velocity; backlayering; CFD
Date: 2018
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