Fabrication and varification of porous silicon nanostructures/ zinc oxide nanostructures as a capacitive chemical sensors by electrochemical impedance method / Mohd Husairi Fadzilah Suhaimi

Fadzilah Suhaimi, Mohd Husairi (2015) Fabrication and varification of porous silicon nanostructures/ zinc oxide nanostructures as a capacitive chemical sensors by electrochemical impedance method / Mohd Husairi Fadzilah Suhaimi. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


In this study, preparation and optimization of ZnO nanostructures on PSiNs for chemical sensor was studied. The PSiNs was prepared by electrochemical etching using p-type, [100] orientation silicon wafer as a based material. The PSiNs samples were prepared by the electrochemical etching with photo-assisted at different current density in the range of 15-40 mA/cm2 and etching time at 10-50 minutes. Photoluminescence spectra show blue shift with increasing applied current density that is attributed by PSiNs pillar size. Variations of electrical resistance and capacitance values of PSiNs were measured using EIS. These results indicate that PSiNs prepared at 20 mA/cm2 current density and 30 minutes have uniform porous structures with a large demsity of pillars. Furthermore, PSiNs structure influences large values of charge transfer resistance and double layer capacitance, indicating potential application in sensors. The ZnO nanostructures were synthesized on PSiNs substrates using thermal catalytic-free immersion method with Zn(N03>26H20 as a precursor and CH4N2O as a stabilizers. Three parameters was used to optimized the maximum changes of capacitance on ZnO nanostructures on PSiNs, solution concentration (0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 molar), molarity of CH4N20 (0.05, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 molar) and immersion time (2, 4, 6, 8 and 10 hour). ZnO nanoparticle and nanoflowers were successfully synthesized on PSiNs substrate. An approach to fabricate chemical sensor based on the PSiNs/ZnO nanostructures arrays that uses an electrochemical impedance technique is reported. Sensor performance was evaluated by ethanol solutions using EIS measurement. PSiNs/ZnO nanostructure exhibits higher sensitivity than PSiNs, with 85.96% response after exposure to ethanol for 2 min. Compared with the PSiNs sensor, the response of which is low at only 20% and the maximum response of 48% is reached 6 min later. PSiNs/ZnO nanostructures with a response of 85.96% after exposure to ethanol for 2 min remains constant for some period time (10 min). This stability in response proved that the sample is stable and suitable as a sensing material based. The results indicate that the PSiNs/ZnO nanostructure chemical sensor exhibits rapid and high response to ethanol compared with a PSiNs sensor because of its small particle size and an oxide layer acting as a capacitive layer on the PSiNs surface.After that, the sensor was tested with different chemical solution, acetone, chloroform, benzene and toluene. For PSiNs sensor the response is low at ethanol, toluene and benzene with only 40%, and the maximum response of 60% is reached in 10 min. Compared with the PSiNs sensor, the PSi/ZnO nanostructures prepared sample exhibits higher sensitivity to ethanol, acetone and toluene, as observed above 70% response after exposure for 10 min. Both the sensors (PSiNs and PSiNs/ZnO nanostructures) give the least response to benzene as compared to others chemical solution. The benzene response in 10 minutes for PSiNs and PSiNs/ZnO nanostructures was lowest compare to other. There appeared two sensors show the resistance changes at 45% and 31% response, respectively. The sensor performance was improved when ZnO nanostructures deposited on PSiNs surface.


Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Email / ID Num.
Fadzilah Suhaimi, Mohd Husairi
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdullah, Saifollah (Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > Nanotechnology
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Production management. Operations management
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy
Keywords: Capacitive, Chemical, Sensors, Silicon, Nanostructures
Date: 2015
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/40015
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