Study on drying of oil palm trunk with ethanol / Fauzi Othman … [et al.]

Othman, Fauzi and Yamani, Shaikh Abdul Karim and Sahat, Sa'diah and Shafie, Amran and Ahmad Zaki, Junaiza and Abd Latif, Nur Hannani and Mohamad, Aminuddin and Nik Hashim, Nik Hazlan and Kamarudin, Norashikin (2013) Study on drying of oil palm trunk with ethanol / Fauzi Othman … [et al.]. In: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013, 28-29 Oktober 2013, Bukit Gambang Resort City, Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia.


Wood-based industry in Malaysia is dependent on the natural forest resources and forest plantations. The highly demand of this resource makes it more scarce and expensive. Currently the industries are searching for other resources to overcome the over dependence on local timber. The waste biomass from the oil palm industries can be turned into value-added products providing an alternative raw material for the wood industry, but OPTs (Oil Palm Trunk) are reported to be difficult to dry, not only because of its extremely high green moisture content, but also its drying defects. The objectives of this study are to characterize of drying defects in the OPT at different height (bottom to top) and layer of the trunk (bark to pith). To have different layer of trunk, the OPTs are sawn with sawing around pattern. Seventy two samples sized 25 mm thick x 100 mm wide x 200 mm long obtained from three palm trunks were soaked with 75% concentration of ethanol liquids and dried using the Terazawa's Quick During Test (QD1) Likert Method scale is used to rate the defect level of the sample between the of scale of I (free from a defect) to 5 (severe defect). Chi-squared independent test is conducted to determine the significant effect. The result showed a gradual increase in drying defect along the trunk height and depth. but no significant relationship between trunk portion and Layers. It is concluded that the OPT mixed with Ethanol can be dried with oven dry method a minimum time consumption produced minimum drying defect.


Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Email / ID Num.
Othman, Fauzi
Yamani, Shaikh Abdul Karim
Sahat, Sa'diah
Shafie, Amran
Ahmad Zaki, Junaiza
Abd Latif, Nur Hannani
Mohamad, Aminuddin
Nik Hashim, Nik Hazlan
Kamarudin, Norashikin
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Wood technology. Lumber
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Event Title: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013
Event Dates: 28-29 Oktober 2013
Page Range: pp. 127-133
Keywords: Oil Palm trunk (OPT), Ethanol, Quick Drying Test (QDT)
Date: 2013
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 39892.PDF] Text

Download (5MB)

ID Number




Statistic details