Study on the effects of carbon nanotubes in pmma-based nanocomposite thin films / Nurul Fatahah Asyqin Zainal

Zainal, Nurul Fatahah Asyqin (2011) Study on the effects of carbon nanotubes in pmma-based nanocomposite thin films / Nurul Fatahah Asyqin Zainal. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were produced via thermal chemical vapor deposition (TCVD) at varied temperature from 700 °C up to 900 °C. Studies on the effect of different precursors and type of catalysts towards the CNTs production were done. Two types of palm-based precursors which is palm DHSA and palm oil along with monometallic, bimetallic and trimetallic catalysts were used to study the effect of growth production of CNTs. Characterization was done by using field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). Both SEM and TEM studies had confirmed that different precursors and catalysts provide different graphitization and yield of the CNTs produced. Moreover, palm oil produced nanotubes with less entangle structure in which give better condition for further processing in nanocomposite. For monometallic catalyst, nickel (Ni) has shown the highest yield with good graphitization. As such, Ni was chosen to be added in bimetallic and trimetallic catalysts. Co/Ni and Fe/Ni/Mn catalyst were observed to produce good graphitization and highest yield of MWCNTs. As such, MWCNTs produced from palm oil grown over Fe/Ni/Mn trimetallic catalyst was used for further study. The produced MWCNTs were functionalized by bromine treatment before it was further used in PMMA/MWCNTs nanocomposite preparation. Characterization was done using Raman spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) which confirmed the functionalization of bromine on MWCNTs surfaces. Bromine treatment was employed to improve the electrical properties of PMMA/MWCNTs nanocomposite thin films. As such, the electrical properties of nanocomposite were increased with increase of MWCNTs loading compared to the untreated MWCNTs. The optical band gap of nanocomposite was studied using UV-Visible spectroscopy. The dispersion behavior of MWCNTs into PMMA was investigated by SEM and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and confirmed that high dispensability was achieved when MWCNTs loading at 3.0 wt.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Zainal, Nurul Fatahah Asyqin
2006649084
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mahmood, Mohamad Rusop (Assoc. Prof. Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Composite materials
Q Science > QC Physics > Atomic physics. Constitution and properties of matter > Nanostructures
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science
Keywords: carbon, nanotubes, PMMA
Date: May 2011
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39744
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