Hardness of Flowable Resin Composite from Rice Husk / Nazrul M. Yusoff ...[et al.]

M. Yusoff, Nazrul and Johari, Yanti and Ab Rahman, Ismail and Mohamad, Dasmawati and Khamis, Mohd Fadhli and Husein, Adam and Ariffin, Zaihan (2018) Hardness of Flowable Resin Composite from Rice Husk / Nazrul M. Yusoff ...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 5 (2). pp. 181-190. ISSN 18235514

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the hardness of two experimental dental flowable resin composites (FRCs) from rice husk in comparison to other commercial flowable resin composites. The nanohybrid silica used as the filler for the experimental FRCs was extracted from rice husk. Two commercial FRCs namely Filtek Z350 flow and Tetric N flow and the experimental FRCs with different loading of Bis-GMA at 50 % (EC50B) and 40 % (EC40B) were used. Ten cylindrical specimens (5 x 2mm) for each material were prepared in acrylic mould, light cured and polished. Prior to hardness test, all the composites were immersed in distilled water at 37 ℃ for 24 h. The Vickers’ hardness number (VHN) was measured using Vickers’ hardness tester and their surface morphology was investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The data was analyzed by one way ANOVA followed by Dunnett T3 post hoc test. Results showed that Filtek Z350 flow was statistically significantly higher in regards to VHN compared to the other FRCs tested. There was no statistically significant difference in VHN between the Tetric N flow and the two experimental FRCs. SEM showed a well distributed embedded spherical filler particle in all FRCs. In conclusion, the two experimental FRCs were comparable to Tetric N flow however Filtek Z350 flow exhibited the highest hardness. This was possibly attributed to different filler loading. Between the experimental composites, EC40B had a higher hardness which can be explained by dilution effect on monomer system. In general, mechanical properties improved with increased filler loading and dilution of base monomer.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
M. Yusoff, NazrulUNSPECIFIED
Johari, Yantiyjohari@usm.my
Ab Rahman, IsmailUNSPECIFIED
Mohamad, DasmawatiUNSPECIFIED
Khamis, Mohd FadhliUNSPECIFIED
Husein, AdamUNSPECIFIED
Ariffin, ZaihanUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction > Composite materials.
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 5
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 181-190
Item ID: 39389
Uncontrolled Keywords: hardness, flowable resin composite, nanohybrid silica, rice husk.
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39389

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