Wind Tunnel Tests of UiTM Blended Wing Body - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (BWB-UAV) Prototype / Wirachman Wisnoe ...[et al.]

Wirachman, Wisnoe and M. Nasir, Rizal E. and Saarani, Wan Aizad Mu and Mohd Saad, Nornashiha and Afiq Mamud, Mohd Amirul (2017) Wind Tunnel Tests of UiTM Blended Wing Body - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (BWB-UAV) Prototype / Wirachman Wisnoe ...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 4 (3). pp. 234-245. ISSN 18235514

Abstract

In 2014 Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Malaysia has been granted a research project under Prototype Research Grant Scheme from the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia to build a prototype of Blended Wing Body - Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for aerial surveillance. In this paper the aerodynamic characteristics of the prototype in the longitudinal direction are presented in terms of lift coefficient, drag coefficient, and pitching moment coefficient obtained from wind tunnel tests. The tests are conducted on a ¼ scaled half model aircraft placed in UiTM Low Speed Tunnel at wind speed of 20 m/s, 25 m/s, 30 m/s, 35 m/s and 40 m/s representing Reynolds number in the order of 105. For each wind speed, the angle of attack is varied from -10º to 64º to observe the full capability of the aircraft. Visualisation using thread tufts is also executed to see the flow pattern on the surface of the aircraft at certain angles. The results show that the maximum lift coefficient is around 0.65 at 28º angle of attack, the minimum drag coefficient is below 0.03 at zero angle of attack, and the maximum lift-to-drag ratio is about 20 at 3º angle of attack. The pitching moment curve indicates a static stability with negative slope between -7º to 10º angle of attack. Visualisation shows the flow separation progress on the surface of canard, wing and fuselage.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Wirachman, Wisnoe
UNSPECIFIED
M. Nasir, Rizal E.
UNSPECIFIED
Saarani, Wan Aizad Mu
UNSPECIFIED
Mohd Saad, Nornashiha
UNSPECIFIED
Afiq Mamud, Mohd Amirul
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > Aeronautics. Aeronautical engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 4
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 234-245
Keywords: Blended Wing Body (BWB), Aerodynamics, Wind Tunnel Test, Thread Tuft Visualisation.
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39101
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