Removal of Pigment from Textile Wastewater by Electrospun Nanofibre Membrane / Nor Dalila Nor Affand and Nur Najiha Abdul Razak

Nor Affandi, Nor Dalila and Abdul Razak, Nur Najiha (2020) Removal of Pigment from Textile Wastewater by Electrospun Nanofibre Membrane / Nor Dalila Nor Affand and Nur Najiha Abdul Razak. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 4 (3). pp. 190-201. ISSN Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)

Abstract

The removal of contaminants in textile effluent using electrospun Nylon 6 nanofibre membrane has been investigated in the study. The electrospun Nylon 6 nanofibre membrane was fabricated using electrospinning process at different parameters. The resultant electrospun membrane was characterized for pore diameter and morphological structures. Permeate properties and flux of electrospun Nylon 6 nanofibre membrane were compared with the commercial filter membrane. From the results, it shows that the electrospun Nylon 6 nanofibre membrane exhibited lower flux than the commercial membrane. The accumulation of suspended solid particles onto the electrospun Nylon 6 membrane surface reduced the permeate flux which about 14 minutes slower than the commercial membrane. Although the electrospun Nylon 6 nanofibre membrane exhibited lower flux, this membrane gave the best removal of suspended solids with approximately 99%. As a result, a clear permeate was obtained after the filtration. The electrospun membrane also gave higher reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD) as compared to the commercial filter membrane. For commercial membrane, it was found that the membrane gave a much lower removal of effluent with approximately 34%. The presence of a large pore diameter of the commercial membrane allows more suspended solids to pass though the membrane, resulting in a cloudy permeate.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Nor Affandi, Nor Daliladalila@salam.uitm.edu.my
Abdul Razak, Nur NajihaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Carbon nanotubes. Nanoparticles. Nanostructured materials
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
Volume: SI 4
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 190-201
Item ID: 39097
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrospinning; Nanofibre membrane; Textile wastewater, Filtration, Flux
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39097

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