Effect UV/O3 Modified Rice Husk on the Mechanical Properties of Recycle HDPE Rice Husk Composite / Nishata Royan Rajendran Royan ...[et al.]

Rajendran Royan, Nishata Royan and Sulong, Abu Bakar and Mohd, Nor Yuliana Yuhana and Abdul Ghani, Mohd Hafizuddin and Ahmad, Sahrim (2017) Effect UV/O3 Modified Rice Husk on the Mechanical Properties of Recycle HDPE Rice Husk Composite / Nishata Royan Rajendran Royan ...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 3 (2). pp. 13-22. ISSN 18235514

Abstract

Modifications of rice husk (RH) surfaces by ultraviolet-ozonolysis (UV/O3) treatment were carried out in order to study the effects on the mechanical properties. The untreated and treated RH was characterized by FTIR, TGA and SEM. Recycled HDPE/RH composites were prepared with five different loading of RH fibers (10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt %) using the twin-screw extrusion method. Maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene (MAPE) was added as a coupling agent. Tensile modulus shows an increase trend while tensile strength shows a decline trend with addition of RH loading regardless of treatments. However, composites filled with UV/O3-treated RH give a better result in comparison with composites filled with untreated RH. UV/O3 treatment removes lignin, hemicellulose, fats and waxes from RH surfaces thus giving a rougher surface on RH. Therefore, UV/O3 treatment can be used as an alternative method to modify RH surface in order to improve the adhesion between hydrophilic RH fibre and hydrophobic recycled high-density polyethylene (rHDPE) polymer matrix.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Rajendran Royan, Nishata Royan
UNSPECIFIED
Sulong, Abu Bakar
UNSPECIFIED
Mohd, Nor Yuliana Yuhana
UNSPECIFIED
Abdul Ghani, Mohd Hafizuddin
UNSPECIFIED
Ahmad, Sahrim
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering. Civil engineering > Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 3
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 13-22
Keywords: Surface Modification, UV/O3 Treatmen,; Tensile Properties
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/38666
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