The effect of centrifugation at 5000 rpm on crude palm oil characteristics / Nasrul Syamin Burhanordin

Burhanordin, Nasrul Syamin (2010) The effect of centrifugation at 5000 rpm on crude palm oil characteristics / Nasrul Syamin Burhanordin. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


The main objective of this experimental study is to determine the effects of the centrifugation of CPO by means of centrifuge it at 5000 rpm to reduce its viscosity in order to be one of alternative energy to ordinary diesel fuel. The characteristics to be measure are the density (kg/m3), energy content (J/g), the kinematics viscosity (mm2/s) and the flash point (°C). The project focus on a research using a few equipments which are Bench Top Refrigerated Centrifuge Machine (Model Sigma 3-18k), KV4000 Series Digital Constant Temperature Kinematic Viscosity, Bomb Calorimeter (Model: IKAWORKS C5000 CONTROL) and Semi Automatic Tag Open Cup Flash Point Tester. From the experiments being conducted the percentages of clear liquid (oil) becomes lesser as the temperature become lower and thus reduce the mass of the CPO. These phenomenons also apply to the density properties. In term of the energy content properties, the result from the experiment stated that the value is fluctuating around the 39000 J/g to 39400 J/g for the six different temperatures. The result from the kinematic viscosity machine running at 40°C water bath showed that as the temperature of CPO decrease, the kinematic viscosity value increasing up to 58.8860 J/g. The flash point value for CPO been centrifuge at 5000 rpm at 27°C (room temperature) is 261°C compared to the pure CPO which is 262°C. This project able to reduce the kinematic viscosity of the pure CPO up to 30% but still cannot be as good as the kinematic viscosity of the diesel fuel. Finally, this project achieved its main objective and should be proceed by testing the olein in the diesel engine and analyze the effect and olein to the engine in term of the exhaust emission, engine performance and fuel consumption.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Burhanordin, Nasrul Syamin
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Kamarul Baharin, Zainal Abidin (Ir)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Lifting and pressing machinery
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Production of electricity by direct energy conversion
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics. Nuclear engineering > Electronics
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Engineering (Hons) (Mechanical)
Keywords: Crude, Palm, Oil, Fuel consumption, Engine performance
Date: 2010
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