Effect of carbon nanotube-silane addition on mechanical properties of chloroprene rubber-filled carbon black / Kok-Tee Lau...[et al.]

Kok, Tee Lau and Abd Razak, Jeefferie and Ab Maulod, Hairul Effendy and Muhamad, Noraiham and Hashim, Mohamad Hanif and Mohd Saad, Nurzallia (2020) Effect of carbon nanotube-silane addition on mechanical properties of chloroprene rubber-filled carbon black / Kok-Tee Lau...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 17 (2). pp. 157-167. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X

Abstract

Chloroprene-filled CNT rubber has been investigated for the electromagnetic shielding application. Nevertheless, there are continuous studies to overcome CNTs agglomeration, materials loss and air contamination issues generated during conventional melt compounding process. Thus, the current study proposes the usage of polar and low molecular weight ethanol solvent as dispersant for CNT fillers and silane-based Si-69 as coupling agent. Si-69 is a widely used fillers’ coupling agent because of its reliable performance in the industrial-scaled rubber compounding process. This study is to investigate the effect of carbon nanotube (CNT)-Silane addition as secondary fillers on tensile strength, elastic modulus and cure characteristics of hloroprene rubber (CR)- filled carbon black (CB) compound. The CR-filled CB was prepared by internal mixing, followed by roll-mill process in which CNT-Silane dispersion was added. For comparison, the samples of CR-filled CB without CNTs addition and with as-received CNTs addition were prepared and characterized. The CR composite added with CNT-Silane dispersion displayed tensile strength and elastic modulus (at 300% elongation) of 23 MPa and 18 MPa respectively, which are 4% higher than the CR composite added with asreceived CNTs. The findings were supported by the FESEM micrograph of tensile fracture samples that showed the CNT-Silane addition produced better CNTs dispersion in the CR-filled CB compound. Furthermore, the usage of CNT-Silane improved the CR-filled CB compound processibility by reducing the minimum (ML) and maximum torque (MH) values from 0.34 and 1.11 N.m in as-received CNT samples to 0.32 and 1.04 N.m respectively in CNT-silane samples.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Kok, Tee Lauktlau@utem.edu.my
Abd Razak, JeefferieUNSPECIFIED
Ab Maulod, Hairul EffendyUNSPECIFIED
Muhamad, NoraihamUNSPECIFIED
Hashim, Mohamad HanifUNSPECIFIED
Mohd Saad, NurzalliaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 17
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 157-167
Official URL: https://jmeche.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 36566
Uncontrolled Keywords: Flexible electronics, electromagnetic interference (EMI), synthetic rubber, carbon nanotube, silane coupling agent
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36566

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