Optimization of tool life and surface roughness for hypereutectic Al – si alloys in face milling / Kamal Othman...[et al.]

Othman, Kamal and Abdul Ghani, Jaharah and Juri, Afifah and Ruslan Mohd, Mohd Shahfizal and Kassim, Shahir and Che Haron, Che Hassan (2020) Optimization of tool life and surface roughness for hypereutectic Al – si alloys in face milling / Kamal Othman...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 17 (2). pp. 27-44. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X


machining processes for automotive components. This study intends to
investigate the machining parameters affecting the machinability of
hypereutectic Al-Si alloys in the context of surface roughness and tool life via
a DLC coated face milling cutter inserted under dry cutting conditions. The
machining parameters used in this study were cutting speeds of 250 m/min and
350 m/min, feed rates of 0.02 mm/tooth and 0.04 mm/tooth, and a constant
depth of cut of 0.3 mm. The orthogonal full factorial (2³) method was used for
the experimental trials. A commercial software called Minitab 17 was used to
generate the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the mathematical prediction
model for each machining response. The experimental results confirmed that
an excellent surface finish was achieved with a value of as low as 0.140 μm,
while the highest value for tool life of 105.47 minute was realized with face
milled aluminium alloy A390. From the analyses, it was confirmed that the
feed rate is the most significant machining factor affecting surface roughness,
while in the case of tool life; cutting speed is the most influential machining
factor. The main effect plot showed that the optimum cutting condition for realizing low surface roughness and longer tool life is at 250 m/min, a feed
rate of 0.02 mm/tooth, and radial depth of cut 12.5 mm. The prediction model
for surface roughness and tool life was developed and reported low percentage


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Othman, Kamal
Abdul Ghani, Jaharah
Juri, Afifah
Ruslan Mohd, Mohd Shahfizal
Kassim, Shahir
Che Haron, Che Hassan
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 17
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 27-44
Keywords: Face milling; Dry cutting; diamond like carbon (DLC); Hypereutectic Al-Si alloys; Tool life; Surface roughness.
Date: 2020
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36498
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