Powerful play : using educational toys in the Iqra' learning method for preschoolers / Asrol Hasan

Hasan, Asrol (2006) Powerful play : using educational toys in the Iqra' learning method for preschoolers / Asrol Hasan. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Preschool education is one of the institutions which functions as a way to
improve and further develop the understandings in all aspects of development for
children aged 4 to 6 years old. Basic Qur'an education is one of the aspects which is
included in the Islamic education curriculum, set up by the Malaysian Ministry of
Education Curriculum Development Centre.
Iqra' is one of the faster learning methods which has been used in Malaysia
since 1995 and at one time was introduced at primary school stage for year one
students. Now the Iqra' method is being used widely in most preschools in Malaysia,
primarily by private preschools. The method of learning through playing is one the
approaches which is given priority by the Malaysian Ministry ofEducation for use in·
preschool education. The researcher believes that incorporating this approach with
Iqra' method into topics such as basic knowledge of the Qur'an will not only
enhance the learning process but also make it more enjoyable, hence increasing the
students appreciation of the importance of the Qur'an and its benefits which is
important for the children, as Muslims.
At the age group of 4 to 6 years old, it is very difficult for these children to
understand only by using books. Therefore there is a room for improvement in the
methodology. An educational toys were designed based on the Iqra' method from
Iqra' Book One. The Iqra' toy was tested and evaluated in two selected private
preschools in the Klang Valley area. The purpose of this study was to find whether
preschoolers between 4 to 6 years old gain a better understanding of basic Qur'an
through Iqra' method if they are required to play with an educational toys rather than
if they only attend the conventional Qur'an class.
The test was conducted on 40 subjects, while 20 subjects were exposed to the
conventional method. Three types of evaluation were used to evaluate these students
which are: pre-test, post-test (summative) and a formative evaluation. The results of
the tests showed that both experimental groups at two selected preschools showed an
increase of 22.5% to 34% performance on the post-test, compared to the pre-test,
after using the Iqra' Educational Toy as a learning aid. It was also found that the
children aged 4 years old showed a better performance compared to children aged 5
years old. The teachers agreed that this method was 90% successful and it was more
enjoyable than learning through books or by the conventional method they were used
A ~ajor recommendation was that toys and this method can be used broadly
on all types of preschools in Malaysia and that more research should be conducted on
the method of learning through playing at higher levels, such as primary school,
secondary school or University level. As an early recommendation, it is hoped that
the Ministry of Education can integrate the method as a part of the preschool
curriculum as one of the approaches that can be used primarily at government
preschools. This research focused on two concepts of toys in general and it is hoped
that in the future, this concept toy will become more interesting with the addition of
technology like sound effects or graphic animations.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Hasan, Asrol
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > Islam > Qurʼan. Koran > Study and teaching. Qurʼan studies. ʻUlūm al-Qurʼan
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Learning. Learning strategies > Malaysia
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Child study > Play, games, etc. > Malaysia
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Preschool education. Nursery schools > Methodology > Audiovisual aids
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Art and Design
Keywords: Preschool education, learning methods, Iqra', Islamic education curriculum, Basic Qur'an education
Date: 2006
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/3645
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