Preparation and characterization of cerium oxide / Allyza Rosidy

Rosidy, Allyza (2017) Preparation and characterization of cerium oxide / Allyza Rosidy. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Cerium oxide (CeO2) is a rare earth metal oxide that has many applications to the field of material science including reducing the overpotential in electrical appliances due to its exceptional conducting properties. The purpose of this
research is to synthesize CeO2 using hydroxide mediated method and to study its crystallinity and morphology using XRD and SEM-EDX. The nanoparticles were prepared using cerium (IV) sulfate, Ce(SO4)2 and sodium hydroxide, NaOH as its precursor. The results for crystallinity study by XRD shows that the sample is crystal with the presence of five intensity peaks, and the highest intensity peak appears at angle 45.0°. The XRD results however do not represent CeO2 since the intensity peaks of the sample product is not similar to the intensity peaks of CeO2 prepared by literature. As for the morphology study results by SEM-EDX, the sample shows slight agglomeration and exhibits a flake-like morphology. The size of the individual grain is observed to be in the range of 6.75 to 13.5 μm. Intergranular fracture were also detected on the surface sample. The fracture is caused by the inclusion of impurities. Mapping study by EDX also shows that the
sample is rich in cerium element with 80.81% of presence on the sample. In conclusion, the final product of this research was indeed not CeO2, but Cerium Palladium Rhodium, Ce5Pd6Rh9. Conversely, by modifying the method and substituting the chemicals used, CeO2 are expected to form through the most economical and practical method.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Rosidy, Allyza
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
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Thesis advisor
Ahmad, Nor Monica
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Oxidation
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Preparation and characterization of cerium oxide
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/35035
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