A simultaneous assessment of the hierarchical models of market orientation and external environmental factors (EEFs) on the relationship between innovation orientation and concept development in chain restaurants / Mazalan Mifli

Mifli, Mazalan (2014) A simultaneous assessment of the hierarchical models of market orientation and external environmental factors (EEFs) on the relationship between innovation orientation and concept development in chain restaurants / Mazalan Mifli. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

This thesis is about extending the research on menu innovation process in chain restaurant industry. The global consumer foodservice markets, nowadays, are mostly at the stage of saturation, and this presents great challenges to the industry. Hence, a viable new model of menu innovation process has been long sought in hospitality literature. Yet, models of menu innovation process proposed in literature are mostly conceptual in nature rather than empirically derived. Thus, this poses a question of the viability of its usage given the fact that most business landscapes, if not all, are not homogenous. Furthermore, most companies, if not all, are also governed in difference managerial orientations that dictate the directional of the product development process based on the preference towards risk-taking, entrepreneurship, objectivity, assertiveness and information use. Because of this, external environmental factors that build up in the marketplace are, therefore, to be conceived differently by menu planners, which subsequently, dictate a new strategy in managing new menu innovation. Hence, this thesis aimed to empirically investigate the actual practice of managing menu innovation in the chain restaurants that are operating in the consumer market of Klang Valley in Malaysia. The objective is to empirically examine the two orientations that are commonly associated with product innovation that include radical and incremental product development. Specifically, to simultaneously assess the moderating effect of the external environmental factors (EEFs) along with the mediating effect of market orientation on the relationship between innovation orientation and concept development. The empirical setting of chain restaurant is chosen because they are known to be strategically better equipped in managing product innovation in terms of consistency, speed, standardise quality and adaptation as opposed to independent restaurants. Hence, with this empirical setting in the consumer market of Klang Valley, this study offers an excellent opportunity in finding out the practical insight into managing menu innovation. In this study, the quantitative methodology was used as the main pillar of the research methods to assess the hypotheses under investigations. Yet, as concept development and EFFs scales were newly developed for the purpose of this study, the adoption of qualitative in-depth interviewed method at the early stage was indeed necessary. Hence, theoretical conceptualization and the empirical validation were first being advanced using both statistical package for social science (SPSS version 19) and partial least squares (PLS) for these constructs. Empirically, the measurement and structural models of this study confirmed adequate estimations based on PLS path modeling parameters. A simultaneous assessment of both the mediating effect of market orientations and moderating effect of EEFs on the relationship between innovation orientation and concept development confirmed support for the mediating effect but the hypothesised moderating control of EEFs remained inconclusive although its effect size found to be large. This thesis contributes to theoretical knowledge by providing for the first time evidence about the structural linkages between innovation orientations and concept development along with the two higher-order constructs of market orientations and EEFs. Practically, this thesis contributes to knowledge understanding of the inseparable relationships of strategic innovation orientations and market orientations in the decision-making process when engage in today's dynamic consumer markets.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Mifli, Mazalan
2005675198
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hashim, Rahmat (Associate Professor Dr.)
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Marketing
H Social Sciences > HF Commerce > Advertising
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Hotel and Tourism Management
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (HM990)
Keywords: External environmental factors (EEFs), Innovation orientation, Concept development, Chain restaurants
Date: 2014
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/34927
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